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强调句知识点总结,高中英语强调句知识点总结

来源:101教育网整理 2017-10-11 字体大小: 分享到:

  高中英语强调句知识点总结(一)

  概念:为了强调句子的某一成分(通常是主语、宾语、或状语),常用强调句型。

  构成:It is(was)+被强调部分+that(who)…;强调的主语如果是人,that和who都可用。如:

  Last night I saw a film in the Youth Palace.

  强调主语:It wasIthat(or who)saw a film in the Youth Palace last night.

  强调宾语:It wasa filmthat I saw in the Youth Palace last night.

  强调地点状语:It wasin the Youth Palacethat I saw a film last night.

  强调时间状语:It waslast night that I saw a film in the Youth Palace.

  另外,还要注意下面几点:

  1)在强调主语时,that后的谓语动词要与被强调者保持人称和数的一致。如:

  It isIwhoama teacher.

  2)即使被强调的主语是复数,主句中的谓语动词也用单数。如:

  Itisthey who often help me with my lessons.

  3)在强调时间、地点、原因或方式状语时,不能用when,where,why或how,而要用that。如:

  It was onlywhen I reread his poems recentlythat I began to appreciate their beauty.

  It wasin the housethat the murder happened.

  It wasbecause her mother was illthat she didn't go with us.

  4强调句型:It is(was)not until...that...注意此时从句中的谓语动词要用肯定式。如:

  It was not until 12 o'clock last night that my fathercamehome.

  It was not until she took off her dark glasses that I realized shewasa famous film star.

  5)原句的谓语动词如果是现在或将来的各种时态,用Itis…that(who)…;如果原句谓语动词是过去各种时态,则用Itwas…that(who)…

  6)在强调一般疑问句中的某一成分时,主句要用一般疑问句的语序。that后面的原句其余部分在移走了被强调部分后词序及词形都不可以改动。如:

  Did this happen in Beijing?

  Was it in Beijing that this happened?

  7)特殊疑问句中只有疑问词可以强调,其强调结构是“疑问词+is(was)it that...?"如:

  Where were you born?

  Where was it that you were born?

  8)强调句型容易和句型It is/was+名词+that名词从句混淆。如果把构成强调句型结构的词It is(was)…that(who)…去掉,被强调部分归位后,应该能够形成一个完整的句子(这也是判断是否是强调句型的方法)。但后者的It is/was…that是不可去掉的,否则that前的名词就找不到位置,原句也不再成立,如下面这个句子如去掉It is/was…that就不再完整:

  It was the rule of the school that the pupils should wear their school uniforms.

  强调句型还容易跟It is/was+形容词+that名词从句这一句型混淆。如:It is clear(obvious,true,possible,certain....)that.....该句型中it是形式主语,真正的主语是that引导的主语从句,常译为”清楚(显然,真的,肯定…)”是主语从句最常见的一种结构。

  It is very clear that he’s round and tall like a tree.

  That he’s round and tall like a tree is very clear.

  9)强调句可以用作宾语从句。如:

  He told me that it was because he was late for class that he was punished.

  I really can’t remember where it was that I first met the man.

  10)强调句型可有如下变体:It is/was变成“情态动词+be”。如:

  It may be my bike that he is riding.

  It must have been the manager that spoke to you.

  11)与疑问词连用构成特殊疑问句和感叹句。如:

  Whom was it that Mr.Smith saw in the park yesterday?

  Why is it that silver is not widely used as a conductor?

  What a beautiful picture it is that you have drawn!

  12)被强调的名词或代词可带有一个定语从句。如:

  Was it Bill,who plays football well,that helped the blind man cross the road?

  It was in the school,where(or:in which)I once studied,that we hold a party.

  Was it in the house,which we visited last year,that the murder happened?

  【强调句考点分析】

  1.强调句型的肯定句;2.not…until…的强调;3.强调句的疑问句型;4.带有从句的强调句

  【强调句知识点误区】

  1.不能确定是否强调句;2.强调部分后用when或where,不用that;3.疑问语序不熟悉犯错;4.受各种从句干扰出错。

  【典型例题】

  1).It was from only a few supplies that she had bought in the village _______ the hostess cooked such a nice dinner.

  A.where B.that C.when D.which

  解析:迷惑点在于强调部分中含有一个定语从句that she had bought in the village。答案:B.

  2).John's success has nothing to do with good luck.It is years of hard work has made him what he is today.

  A.why B.when C.which D.that

  解析:答案:D。题干为强调句型,被强调部分为主语部分years of hard work,故选D项

  3).It was _____ he came back from Africa that year _________ he met the girl he would like to marry.

  A.when;then B.not;until C.not until;that D.only;when

  解析:含not…until…的强调句型。根据It is……that结构可知,答案C。此题中的that为干扰因素。

  高中英语强调句知识点总结(二)

  一、基本定义

  强调句(The Emphatic Pattern)是一种修辞,是人们为了表达自己的意愿或情感而使用的一种形式。通过各种方式对句子中的某个部分进行强调,从而起到修辞的作用。英语常用的强调结构是"It is(was)+被强调部分(主语、宾语或状语)+who(that)..."。一般说来,被强调部分指人时,用who;指事物时用that,但that也可以指人。在美国英语中指事物时常用which来代替that。

  二、常用句型

  1.陈述句的强调句型

  It is/was+被强调部分(通常是主语、宾语或状语)+that/who(当强调主语且主语指人)+其他部分。

  例子It was yesterday that he met Li Ping.

  2.一般疑问句的强调句型

  同上,只是把is/was提到it前面。

  例子Was it yesterday that he met Li Ping?

  3.特殊疑问句的强调句型

  被强调部分(通常是疑问代词或疑问副词)+is/was+it+that/who+其他部分?

  例子When and where was it that you were born?

  4.not…until…句型的强调句

  A.句型为:It is/was not until+被强调部分+that+其他部分

  普通句:He didn't go to bed until/till his wife came back.

  强调句:It was not until his wife came back that he went to bed.

  B.注意:

  此句型只用until,不用till。但如果不是强调句型,till,until可通用;因为句型中It is/was not...已经是否定句了,that后面的从句要用肯定句,切勿再用否定句了。

  5.谓语动词的强调

  A.It is/was...that...结构不能强调谓语,如果需要强调谓语时,用助动词do/does或did

  Do sit down.务必请坐。

  Do be careful when you cross the street.过马路时,务必(千万)要小心啊!

  B.注意:

  此种强调只用do/does和did,没有别的形式;过去时用did,后面的谓语动词用原形。

  三、强调形式

  常见到的强调形式,共有以下七类:

  ⒈用do\does\did+V可表强调

  Some people do believe that nuclear power poses a threat to the world peace.

  ⒉adv或adj可表强调:Never\only\Very

  This is the very question that deserves careful analysis.

  ⒊双重否定可表强调

  Taking part-time jobs is never without drawbacks.

  ⒋what引导的主从可表强调

  What really matters is cooperation.

  ⒌倒装可表强调(凡是倒装都可以表示强调)

  Little do people take into account the seriousness of this problem.

  ⒍比较状语从句可表强调

  Nothing is more imperative than to learn from the past.

  ⒎强调句型可表强调

  It is\was+被强调部份+that\who+原句剩余部份

  It is stability that destroys people’s ambition and barricades people’s steps.

  四、注意事项

  that后的强调句如果是原因状语从句,从句只能用because引导,不能用since,as或why。

  It was because the water had risen that they could not cross the river。

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