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高一英语完形填空及答案

来源:101教育网整理 2017-10-12 字体大小: 分享到:

  高一英语完形填空及答案

  【一】

  Mrs.Jones was over eighty,but she still drove her old car like a woman half her age.She loved driving very fast,and was proud of the fact 1 she had never,in her thirty-five years of driving,been punished 2 a driving offence(犯规,犯法).

  Then one day she nearly 3 her record.A police car 4 her,and the policemen in it saw her 5 a red light without stopping.Of course,she was stopped.It seemed 6 that she would be punished.

  7 Mrs.Jones came up to the judge,he looked at her seriously and said that she was 8 old to drive a car,and that the 9 why she had not stopped at the red 10 was most probably that her eyes had become weak 11 old age,so that she had simply not seen it.

  When the judge had finished what he was 12,Mrs.Jones opened the big handbag she was 13 and took out her sewing.Without saying a word,she 14 a needle with a very small eye,and threaded it at her first attempt.

  When she had 15 done this,she took the thread out of the needle again and handed 16 the needle and the thread to the judge,saying,“Now it is your 17.I suppose you drive a car,and that you are quite sure about your own eyesight.”

  The judge took the 18 and tried to thread it.After half a dozen tries,he had still not succeeded.The case(案例)against Mrs.Jones was 19,and her record 20 unbroken.

  1.A.which B.when C.that D.this

  2.A.about B.on C.to D.for

  3.A.kept B.won C.missed D.lost

  4.A.watched B.after C.followed D.ran after

  5.A.pass B.go C.run D.rush

  6.A.sure B.indeed C.certain D.perhaps

  7.A.Before B.While C.Until D.When

  8.A.so B.very C.too D.quite

  9.A.cause B.reason C.matter D.trouble

  10.A.light B.lamp C.sign D.one

  11.A.with B.because C.for D.of

  12.A.speaking B.saying C.talking D.telling

  13.A.holding B.getting C.carrying D.bringing

  14.A.took B.brought C.picked D.chose

  15.A.almost B.hardly C.successfully D.successful

  16.A.both B.all C.neither D.either

  17.A.time B.turn C.chance D.job

  18.A.thread B.glasses C.needles D.needle

  19.A.dismissed B.passed C.settled D.studied

  20.A.was B.kept C.seemed D.remained

  【二】

  When Dave was eighteen,he bought a secondhand car for 200 so that he could travel to and from work more__1__ than by bus.It worked quite well for a few years,but then it got so old,and it was costing him _2_much in repairs that he decided that he had better _3_it.

  He asked among his friends to see if anyone was particularly_ 4_ to buy a cheap car,but they all knew that it was falling to pieces,so_5_ of them had any desire to buy it.Dave's friend Sam saw that he was _6_ when they met one evening,and said,“What's _7_,Dave?”

  Dave told him,and Sam answered,“Well,what about advertising it in the paper?You may _8_more for it that way than the cost of the advertisement!”Thinking that Sam's_9_was sensible(合理的),he put an advertisement in an evening paper,which read“For sale:small car,_10_ very little petrol,only two owners.Bargain at 50.”

  For two days after the advertisement first appeared,there was no _11_.But then on Saturday evening he had an enquiry(询问).A man rang up and said he would like to_12_ him about the car.“All right,”Dave said,feeling happy.He asked the man whether ten o'clock the next morning would be_13_or not.“Fine,”the man said,“and I'll _14_my wife.We intend to go for a ride in it to _15_ it.”

  The next morning,at a quarter to ten,Dave parked the car in the square outside his front door,_16_ to wait there for the people who had_17_ his advertisement.Even Dave had to _18_that the car really looked like a wreck(残骸).Then,soon after he had got the car as clean_19_ it could be,a police car stopped just behind him and a policeman got out.He looked at Dave's car and then said,“Have you reported this _20_ to us yet,sir?”

  1.A.directly B.safely C.properly D.easily

  2.A.so B.such C.very D.too

  3.A.keep B.repair C.sell D.throw

  4.A.anxious B.lucky C.ashamed D.generous

  5.A.some B.neither C.none D.most

  6.A.delighted B.upset C.calm D.astonished

  7.A.on B.up C.it D.that

  8.A.learn B.miss C.get D.find

  9.A.message B.advice C.request D.description

  10.A.uses B.loses C.has D.spends

  11.A.doubt B.help C.trouble D.answer

  12.A.tell B.see C.agree D.call

  13.A.exact B.suitable C.early D.late

  14.A.follow B.meet C.bring D.introduce

  15.A.recognize B.gain C.admire D.test

  16.A.happening B.meaning C.turning D.failing

  17.A.read B.inserted C.answered D.placed

  18.A.forget B.show C.disagree D.admit

  19.A.as B.that C.so D.such

  20.A.bargain B.sale C.accident D.result

  【三】

  The word“plastic”comes from the Greek word“Platicos”and is used to describe_1_which can be easily shaped.

  The history of plastics is longer than you might_2_.In fact _3_ manmade plastics ever to appear on the market was made over a hundred years ago.It was called“celluloid(赛璐璐)”.It was discovered by both an Englishman and an American in the same year._4_it was the Americans who first produced it on a large scale during the year 1860.Everybody was _5_by this new material which could be moulded(用模子做)into shapes and _6_so cheap to buy.

  Poor young men _7_in cities with lots of smoke and dirt were_8_ to buy white celluloid collars(领子).The collars were hard and uncomfortable.But they did not have to be sent to wash.The poor young men _9_ rub them clean every evening with soap and water!Poor mothers,

  _10_ had not been able to afford playthings _11_their children,were now able to buy them playthings _12_ of celluloid.But celluloid had one very serious fault.It caught fire very easily.In fact it burned even more quickly than wood or cloth.There were many terrible accidents,particularly _13_ children.For years scientists worked hard to find a better plastic material than celluloid.They had _14_ success.Then in 1932 an American scientist called Baekeland produced a hard plastic material which did not burn._15_ became known _16_ bakelite(酚醛塑料).Other plastic materials like bakelite were _17_ produced.They _18_ to make electrical fittings and plates and cups.Poor people liked them because they were both cheap and safe,but rich people _19_ them because they were cheap,and because they could only be made _20_dark colours.

  1.A.something B.everything C.thing D.anything

  2.A.wish B.think C.want D.hope

  3.A.first B.at first C.for the first D.the first

  4.A.So B.But C.And D.As

  5.A.surprised B.excited C.told D.frightened

  6.A.be B.were C.was D.is

  7.A.waiting B.running C.walking D.working

  8.A.going B.sure C.about D.able

  9.A.could B.ought to C.must D.should

  10.A.which B.who C.whom D.that

  11.A.for B.like C.in D.of

  12.A.done B.produced C.worked D.made

  13.A.between B.on C.among D.about

  14.A.much B.great.C.never D.little

  15.A.The man B.He C.It D.The scientist

  16.A.as B.with C.by D.to

  17.A.already B.still C.also D.yet

  18.A.used B.hoped C.were used D.had

  19.A.took B.loved C.enjoyed D.disliked

  20.A.in B.by C.from D.of

  【四】

  In order to be a success in the American business world,you must“get along”with people.You must learn to conduct yourself in such a way _1_ you earn the affection and respect of others._2_ we have already pointed out,Americans_3_ business and pleasure.Therefore,learning how to _4_ informally can be a help with your American business _5_.Americans like to talk about a _6_of different topics—sports,politics,cars,popular movies and television shows and personal interests.Many large American cities have sports teams.If you are _7_ with Americans in the United States,it would be a good idea to _8_out about the local sports teams so that you can _9_ in the almost inevitable discussions about“how our _10_ will do this year”.Politics can be a _11_ topic unless everyone is of the same mind _12_.Limit your discussions to asking questions of your friends.Most Americans are _13_ owners and some are even obsessive about the subject.You can contribute _14_talking about cars you have owned or by _15_ information you have read in automotive magazines.Americans watch television almost every night and attend movies regularly,

  _16_ naturally television shows and the _17_ movies become topics for discussions.If you are unable to _18_ American television or attend American movies,reading the _19_ section of such magazines as Time News week will keep you up to date on _20_is popular in America.

  1.A.which B.where C.as D.that

  2.A.While B.Since C.As D.Because

  3.A.mix B.enjoy C.like D.manage

  4.A.conduct B.appear C.behave D.chat

  5.A.friends B.efforts C.contacts D.companies

  6.A.bit B.total C.group D.number

  7.A.meeting B.working C.living D.playing

  8.A.find B.learn C.go D.stay

  9.A.work B.participate C.succeed D.break

  10.A.group B.business C.company D.team

  11.A.common B.sensitive C.special.D daily

  12.A.politically B.economically C.professionally D.personally

  13.A.house B.car C.business D.land

  14.A.to B.toward C.by D.through

  15.A.collecting B.sharing C.gathering D.analyzing

  16.A.so B.therefore C.thus D.hence

  17.A.interesting B.exciting C.excellent D.latest

  18.A.witness B.look C.watch D.glance

  19.A.entertainment B.sports C.business D.movie

  20.A.which B.that C.what D.as

  【五】

  You've been away from us for one year;you told us a lie which I came to know not long ago.

  On this special day for teachers across the country,I can _1_keep myself from telling your white lie to those who would lend me an ear.

  Do you still remember the happy _2_about six years ago?We fixed our eyes upon you at your _3_.You,a beautiful young lady,_4_ us that you would live in our village.

  Soon after,we began to find you were part of your students and their simple honest parents.The villagers found their children _5_more time on their books _6_ after doing their homework and housework.Yet they still _7_ that one day you might leave.You _8_a smile all the time,which reduced to some degree their_9_ of your leaving.You went all out in the _10_ of your students,helping them not only in their studies but also in their tuition(学费).You often emphasized to us the _11_ of one's life,so that must have been what you were _12_ in those five years!

  One cold morning when class began,you entered the room _13_ you had been crying _14_.In your class,we _15_ but looked away from your eyes.You _16_for some time as if you were _17_to find this right word…you said you would go away and would never be back to teach because your boyfriend wanted you more…

  On the following morning,we _18_ you the very best and the villagers gave you their _19_The train took you away and your broken _20_The other day I happened to hear my parents chatting that you had lung cancer and left the world soon after you waved goodbye.

  1.A.forever B.seldom C.hardly D.soon

  2.A.scene B.condition C.sign D.sight

  3.A.report B.arrival C.explanation D.speech

  4.A.promised B.answered C.permitted D.agreed

  5.A.shared B.spent C.paid D.devoted

  6.A.even B.ever C.soon D.still

  7.A.considered B.feared C.supposed D.doubted

  8.A.wore B.pretended C.gained D.presented

  9.A.pule B.trouble C.question D.fear

  10.A.teaching B.middle C.course D.field

  11.A.way B.wealth C.value D.cost

  12.A.after B.for C.with D.against

  13.A.as if B.because C.even though D.before

  14.A.happily B.bitterly C.anxiously D.angrily

  15.A.listened B.talked C.discussed D.studied

  16.A.explained B.stopped C.talked D.spoke

  17.A.thinking B.worrying C.crying D.trying

  18.A.hoped B expected C.wished D.brought

  19.A.thanks B.satisfactions C.expressions D.rewards

  20.A.boy B.class C.heart D.memory

  【六】

  Marriage is still a popular institution in the United States,but divorce(离婚)is becoming_1_as“popular”.Most American people get married,_2_,at the present time,and fifty percent of American marriages end _3_ divorce.However,four out of five divorced people do not _4_ single.They get married a second time to _5_ partners.Sociologists(社会学家)tell us that in the next century,_6_American people will marry three _7_ four times in one lifetime.Alvin Toffler,an American sociologist,_8_this new social form serial(连续的)marriages.In his book Future Shock,Toffler gives many _9_ for this change in American marriage.In modern society,_10_ lives don't stay the same for very long.Americans_11_ change their jobs,their homes,and their circles of _12_So,the person who was a _13_ husband or wife ten years ago is sometimes not as good ten years _14_After some years of marriage,a husband and wife can _15 _that their lives have become very different,and they don't 16the same interests anymore.For this reason,Toffler says,people in the twenty first century will not _17_ to marry only one person for an _18_ lifetime.They will plan to stay married to one person for perhaps five or ten years,and then marry _19_.Most Americans will expect to have a“marriage carrier”that _20_ three or four marriages.

  1.A.already B.almost C.ever D.even

  2.A.anyway B.then C.but D.therefore

  3.A.with B.from C.in D.for

  4.A.live B.take C.make D.stay

  5.A.new B.old C.young D.pretty

  6.A.most B.main C.few D.mostly

  7.A.and B.by C.or D.to

  8.A.asks B.calls C.tells D.lets

  9.A.causes B.chances C.problems D.reasons

  10.A.human's B.people's C.person's D.man's

  11.A.frequently B.quickly C.rapidly D.fast

  12.A.parents B.classmates C.neighbors D.friends

  13.A.polite B.strict C.good D.unfriendly

  14.A.late B.latter C.lately D.later

  15.A.imagine B.feel C.believe D.suppose

  16.A.enjoy B.hold C.divide D.share

  17.A.desire B.plan C.wish D.design

  18.A.entire B.extreme C.total D.whole

  19.A.the other B.others C.other D.another

  20.A.appears B.happens C.includes D.carries

  【一】答案与解析:

  1.C.fact后接that,因为that引导的是一个同位语从句。

  2.D.for表示被惩罚的原因。

  3.D.她始终保持着记录,但那天她差点儿丢了这个记录,因为她闯了红灯。

  4.C.警车跟在她后面,用followed,而watched不妥,因为主语是警车,而不是人。ran after也不对,警车在此之前没理由追赶她。

  5.A.pass a red light,而用go则要说go by。

  6.C.用certain,不用sure,因为sure常用人作主语。

  7.D.此处came为瞬间动词,不能用while。

  8.C.这是too…to结构,表示太…而不…

  9.B.reason是说明某事某现象的理由,而cause则指火灾、水灾或事故的起因。

  10.A.红灯,用red light。

  11.A.with此处相当于because of。

  12.B.强调说话的内容用say,指说话的动作或讲某种语言用speak。

  13.C.表示随身携带,不强调方向性,用carry,而bring则表示由远往近带来。

  14.D.此处是挑了一根小眼的针,如用took,brought和pick都要加up或out。

  15.C.从下文看,老太太显然是成功了。

  16.A.指针和线两者,所以用both。

  17.B.your turn表示该轮到你了。

  18.D.为什么是针呢?因为后边有一句说她要thread it。

  19.A.be dismissed被取消了。

  20.D.remained表示过去是这样,现在仍保持这一状态。seemed,语气不够肯定。kept此处应用was kept。

  【二】答案与解析:

  1.D.easily表达更容易,他买车的主要目的是为了上下班方便。

  2.A.so much…that…,如此多……以致于……,这是一个固定结构。too much不能和hat连用,我们经常使用too…to。

  3.C.根据上文修理花费太多,所以就决定卖掉,而且下文也就是围绕卖车而展开的。

  4.A.be anxious to do sth急着干……,Dave想了解是否有人急着买车,因为想卖掉自己的车。

  5.C.前面已经提到“it was falling to pieces”车很快要成碎片,所以没有人愿意买。neither主要用于两个人中没有一个,所以在这不合适。

  6.B.upset表示“伤心的,难过的”。因为没人愿意买车,所以他很伤心。

  7.B.“what's up”表示“怎么回事,发生了什么”。

  8.C.“get”表示“得到”,在这儿是表示“你将得到的要比广告花费的多”。

  9.B.advice表示“建议”,因为前面有一句“what about advertising it in the newspaper?”这本就是一种建议“在报纸上登广告怎么样

  10.A.uses表示“使用”,在这里表示车很省油。B.loses表示“丢失”;B.has表示“有”;spends表示“花费时间、金钱、精力”。

  11.D.no answer表示“回应”,表示广告登出去以后无人问津。A.doubt表示“怀疑”;B.help表示“帮助”;C.trouble表示“麻烦”,均不合题意

  12.B.这里表示来看车。

  13.B.suitable表示“合适的”,在这里是问第二天早上十点钟是否合适。

  14.C.bring my wife表示把妻子带来。A.recognize表示“认出”;B.gain表示“获得,得到”C.admire表示“羡慕”,均不合题意。

  15.D.“test”表示“测试”,买车的人将和妻子一道来测试一下车子。

  16.B.“mean to”表示“打算做……”在这儿是打算等买车的人。

  17.A.“answer”在这里表示“回应”,就是指那个看了广告以后准备来看车的人。

  18.D.“admit”表示“承认”在这里表示他自己也不得不承认自己的车看起来太旧了。

  19.A.这里是一个固定结构“as…as”。

  20.C.“accident”表示“事故”

  【三】答案与解析:

  1.这句话表示“plastic”这个单词最早来源于希腊语“platicos”而且被用来描述那些容易成形的东西。答案为A。

  2.塑料的历史要比你所想到的历史长。答案为B。

  3.这里表示最早的、最先的。答案为D。

  4.这里表示虽然英美两国同年发现,但是美国人率先生产。答案为B。

  5.be excited by“因为……而激动”。答案为B。

  6.它的主语是“which”,而“which”指的是this new material,所以用单数。答案为C。

  7.working in cities是现在分词短语做后置定语。这里指的是在城市里工作的贫穷的年轻人。答案为D。

  8.be able to表示“能够”。答案为D。

  9.could表示“能够”。答案为A。

  10.这是一个非限定性定语从句,who指的是前边提到的poor mothers,在非限定性定语从句中作主语。答案为who。答案为B

  11.A表示“为”,在这里指的是那些贫穷的母亲不能给孩子们买起玩具。答案为A。

  12.“made of”表示“由……制成”。答案为D。

  13.“among children”表示“在孩子们当中”。答案为C。

  14.“little success”表示“没有成功”。答案为D。

  15.It指的是前面所提到“a hard plastic material”。答案为C。

  16.“be known as”作为……而著名。答案为A。

  17.also表示“也”,这里表示其它的塑料材料也被制造了出来。答案为C。

  18.“were used”表示“被用来……”。答案为C。

  19.“dislike”表示“不喜欢”,这里表示富人们不喜欢塑料制品。答案为D。

  20.in dark colours这里表示“深色,黑色”。答案为A。

  【四】答案与解析:

  1.such…that在此引导的是结果状语从句,意思为:你必须学会用这种方式指导你自己的行为以便能赢得他人的尊重。如用such…as就是定语从句,as作关系代词在从句中做主语或宾语。而此句不缺此成分。答案为

  2.As we have already pointed out表示:正如我们所指出的那样。as引导非限制性定语从句答案为C。

  3.mix business and pleasure意思是:把工作和娱乐混在一起。答案为A

  4.learn how to chat informally是动名词短语作主语,表示“学会如何进行非正式交谈”。答案为D。

  5.business contacts生意接触/交往。答案为C

  6.talk about a number of different topics谈论有关许多不同的话题。答案为D

  7.work with sb.与某人一起工作。答案为B。

  8.find out查明,弄清。答案为A。

  9.participate表示“参与(谈话之中)”。答案为B。

  10.第二段第一句有Many large American cities have sports teams.答案为D

  11.sensitive topic表示“敏感的话题”。答案为B。

  12.politically从“政治方面”(除非大家观点或意见相同)。答案为A。

  13.car owners指“拥有汽车的人”。从下一句中可得知。答案为B。

  14.“by+动名词”表示以某种方式做某事。答案为C

  15.share information you have read表示:把你所读到的内容或信息与他人分享。答案为B。16.so naturally表示“更不用说”。答案为A。

  17.latest movies最新上映的电影。答案为D。

  18.watch television看电视。答案为C。

  19.entertainment section表示“娱乐版”。答案为A。

  20.on what is popular in America考查介宾从句,what在从句中充当主语,表示“有关于在美国很流行的东西”。答案为C。

  【五】答案与解析:

  1.hardly=almost not,这里指作者情难自抑,要告诉人们一个白色的谎言。答案为C。

  2.scene指情景、场面。答案为A。

  3.显然,这是指六年前她刚刚到来。答案为B。

  4.根据语意:指她一来就向我们许诺,要和我们一起居住在这个村庄。答案为A。

  5.此为固定结构。答案为B。

  6.根据句意:村民的孩子们甚至做完了家庭作业和家务活以后,还要花更多的时间读书。这里从侧面反映了她是个好老师。答案为A。

  7.这里指担心、害怕老师有一天会走。此题应与第9题语义一致。答案为B。

  8.面带微笑要用wear。wear还可用于表示戴首饰,穿鞋、袜等。答案为A。

  9.根据上文,应指“担心她离开”。答案为D。

  10.go all out in sth.指在某一个方面全力以赴。显然这里指在教育孩子们方面。答案为A。11.value of one's life意思为“人生的价值”。答案为C。

  12.be after意思为“追求”。这句话的意思是:因此那(人生的价值)一定就是你在那五年中所追求的东西。答案为A。

  13.根据上下文,这里暗指她的病情开始恶化。答案为A。

  14.这里指疾病和情感折磨着她,使她很痛苦。答案为B。

  15.在课堂上,我们听她讲课。答案为A。

  16.根据下文她要离开,但又有点犹豫。答案为B。

  17.这里指或许她在设法寻求合适的理由。答案为D。

  18.习惯用语wish sb.the very best意思为“祝愿某人万事如意”。答案为C。

  19.指村民们表达了对她的感谢之情。答案为A。

  20.这里指火车带走了她和她那颗悲伤的心。答案为C。

  【六】答案与解析:

  1almost“几乎”,这里表示在美国结婚和离婚都很普通。答案为B。

  2.多数美国人结婚,但是,美国又有一半的人最终离婚。答案为C。

  3.end in divorce表示“以离婚结束”。答案为C。

  4.stay single表示“保持单身”,五分之四离婚的人都不愿意保持单身。答案为D。5.get married to是一个固定搭配,表示“跟某人结婚”,这里指跟新的、另外的人结婚。答案为A。

  6.A表示“多数”。答案为A。

  7.C表示“三到四次”,多数美国人一辈子结婚三到四次。答案为C。

  8call表“称作,称为”。答案为B。

  9.reasons表示“原因,说明……的原因”。答案为D。

  10.people's lives表示人们的生活,不会保持很长。答案为B。

  11.frequently表示“经常地,不断地”,在这里指美国人不断地改变自己的工作。答案为A。

  12.他们的朋友圈子也在改变。答案为D。

  13.人们的审美标准在不断地发生变化。答案为C。

  14.十年前的标准和十年后的标准有很大区别。答案为D。

  15.B表示“感觉到”,答案为B。

  16.share the same interests“有共同的兴趣”。答案为D。

  17.plan to do sth表示“计划做……”。答案为B。

  18.an entire life表示“整个一生”。答案为A。

  19.marry another表示“跟另外一个人结婚”。答案为D。

  20.includes表示“包括,包含”。答案为C。

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