Many people have tried to simplify the spelling of English words.Unlike other languages,English spells the same sounds in very different ways.For example,there is "light" but "white","loan" but "phone",and there are at least seven different ways of pronouncing the sound "ough"!Each of the following words is pronounced differently:"though","through","bough","cough","enough","ought",and "thorough".
The great Irish writer,George Bernard Shaw,was very interested in making English spelling more logical.The American president Theodore Roosevelt almost succeeded in doing this.
In 1906 one of the richest men in America,Andrew Carnegie,started the Simplified Spelling Board.This Board was a group of people whose plan was to make the spelling of words nearer to the way they sounded.For example,the word "though" would be spelt "tho","through" would become "thru" (which it did,but much later),"enough" would become "enuf",and so on.Other people on the Board were Melvin Dewey,the head of the New York libraries,and Professor Brander Matthews of Columbia University.
They took the idea to President Roosevelt who thought it was a very good one.He immediately told the government printer to use the simplified spelling on all government letters.
But people do not like change-even change that makes life easier-and many people disliked the new,simpler spelling.The British-who probably thought they owned the English language-were particularly angry.
More importantly,when American politicians discussed the plan,they did not like it.Because Roosevelt did not want to have a problem with the politicians,he changed his plans and told the printer to go back to the old way of spelling.
Since then no one in any government has dared to try to simplify English spelling.However,people do simplify many words,mainly in advertisements.We often see "tonite" instead of "tonight",for example,and "thru" instead of "through".
51.The passage is mainly about __________.
B.the attempts(企图,尝试) to simplify English spelling
C.the way that advertisements simplify English spelling
D.how to pronounce English properly
52.People wanted to simplify the spelling of English so that __________
A.words could have several different pronunciations
B.words could be spelt as they were pronounced
C.it was more difficult to read government letters
D.they could establish the Simplified Spelling Board
53.Simplified spelling failed because __________.
A.it was not easy to understand
B.the government didn't like the idea
C.there were too many new words to learn
D.people did not want to change
Several years ago I worked in an office,which I had a locust tree growing outside the window.It had grown into a tall tree and must have been there for a long time.The tree blocked the view and made the office seem dull,unfortunately this happened to be the room assigned to me and I was depressed by it for quite some time.
When the first spring came,everything was green except the locust tree.Secretly,I was very happy because I had thought it had died.
One morning when I opened the window for fresh air,I unexpectedly smelt a familiar sweet scent floating into my office but I couldn’t name it.Suddenly,I realized it was the locust tree!The tree that I thought dead was blossoming in full glory.
From then on,I usually came to the office very early to see dew forming on the locust tree blossoms and every year was eager to see spring again.
During summer,the green leaves provided shade protecting me from the harsh sunlight,but allowing enough light in to make it pleasant.In autumn,the leaves turned into many different colors.Its beauty touched my soul.Many times I thought to take photos but never did.Then I had to leave in a hurry.Later in life it became a great regret that I had not done so.
Actually,many times in our lives,we think we own something,therefore we don’t cherish it.We don’t feel regretful until we lose it one day!Moreover,sometimes,we have to accept the things we don’t want and need to discover the hidden beauty to find unexpected joy!
59.The author of the passage employed a writing way ________.
A.of holding and releasing
B.that released first,then held
C.that held first,then released
D.that was not holding or releasing
60.What the author wanted to tell us is that ________.
A.not being delighted for what you have got and not feeling pity on the lost
B.think twice before you leap
C.treat everything calmly
D.cherish what you’ve owned
61.The reason the author came to the office early is ________.
A.to enjoy the dew
B.to finish her work early
C.to do some cleaning
D.to avoid the burning sun
62.The underlined word “so” in the fifth paragraph perhaps refers to ________.
A.that I couldn’t see the tree any longer
B.that I should have taken some photos
C.that I had to leave
D.that the tree died