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高中英语过去分词知识点

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  高中英语过去分词知识点

  一.过去分词用在表状态的动词keep,leave等的后面。

  Eg:They kept the door locked for a long time.

  Keep your mouth shut and your eyes open.(谚语:少说多看)

  Don't leave such an important thing undone.

  Don't leave the windows broken like this all the time.

  二.过分词用在get,have,make,的后面。

  1.注意“have+宾语+过去分词”的两种情况:

  A)表"让某人做某事/让某事(被人)做"

  eg:I have had my bike repaired.

  The villagers had many trees planted just then.

  B)表"遭遇到某种不幸,受到打击/受....影响,蒙受.....损失"

  Eg:I had my wallet stolen on a bus last month.

  The old man had his leg broken in the accident.

  He had his leg broken in the match yesterday.(MET1986)

  2."make+宾语+过去分词",在这种结构中,过去分词的动词必须是表示结果含义的。如:

  They managed to make themselves understood in very simple English.

  I raised my voice to make myself heard.

  三、过去分词用在感观动词watch,notice,see,hear,listen to,feel,find等后面。如

  When we got to school,we saw the door locked.

  We can hear the windows beaten by the heavy rain drops.

  He felt himself cheated.

  The managers discussed the plan that they would like to see carried out the next year.(NMET2000)

  四、过去分词用在want,wish,like,expect等表示“希望,愿望”这一类动词后面做宾补。如

  The boss wouldn't like the problem discussed at the moment.

  I would like my house painted white.

  I want the suit made to his own measure.

  I wish the problem settled.

  五、过去分词用在“with+宾语+宾补”这一结构中,过去分词与宾语之间是动宾关系。如:

  The thief was brought in with his hands tied behind his back.

  With many brightly-coloured flowers planted around the building,his house looks like a beautiful garden.

  With everything well arranged,he left the office.

  六、过去分词、现在分词、和不定式作宾补的区别。

  现在分词作宾补:宾语和补语之间是主谓关系。其动作与谓语动作同时进行。

  过去分词作宾补:宾语和补语之间是动宾关系。其动作先于谓语动作。

  不定式作宾补:表一个完成的动作、或表一个很短时间内看到、听到或感觉到的具体动作。

  eg:He didn't notice me waiting.

  I heard the song sung in English.

  I saw him opening the window.

  I saw the window opened.

  I saw him open the window.

  I heard her sing the song in English.

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