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过去分词知识点总结,高中英语过去分词知识点

来源:101教育网整理 2017-10-24 字体大小: 分享到:

  过去分词知识点总结(一)

  Heated,water changes into steam.

  The professor came in,followed by a group of young people.

  1作原因状语,等于as/since/because引导从句

  Moved by what she said,we couldn’t help crying.=(As we are moved by what she said…

  2作时间状语,等于when引导时间从句,如果分词表示的动作与谓语的动作同时发生,可在分词前加when/while/until等使时间意义更明确。

  When heated,water can be changed into steam.

  Seen from the hill,the park looks very beautiful.=(When the park is seen from the hill…

  3作条件状语等于if/whether引导从句

  Given more attention,the cabbages could have grown better.=(If they have been given more attention….

  Compared with you,we still have a long way to go=(If we are compared with you…

  4作方式或伴随状语

  The actress came in,followed by her fans.

  She sat by the window,lost in thought.

  5作让步状语

  Much tired,he still kept on working.=(Although he was tired,)he….

  6独立主格结构:当分词的逻辑主语不是主句主语时,分词可以有自己独立的逻辑主语,这种结构称为独立主格结构。常用来表示伴随情况。

  The boy rushed into the classroom,his face covered with sweat.

  All things considered,your article is of great value than hers.

  Rewrite with proper conjunctions

  Example:United we stand,divided we fall.

  If we are united,we will stand,but if we are divided,we will fall.

  1 Asked what had happened,he told us about it.

  →When he was asked what had happened,…

  2 Well known for his expert advice,he received many invitations to give lectures.

  →Because he was well known for his expert advice,…

  3 Given more time,we would be able to do the work much better.

  If we were given more time,

  过去分词知识点总结(二)

  orried about the journey,I was unsettled for the first few days.

  Well-known for their expertise,his parents’company…..

  Confused by the new surroundings,I was hit by the lack of fresh air.

  Exhausted,I slid into the bed and fell fast asleep.

  过去分词作状语:过去分词作状语时,说明动作发生的背景或情况,其等同于一个状语从句。vt过去分词作状语时与主句主语构成被动关系,表示被动和完成,vi过去分词表示状态或动作的完成。

  Heated,water changes into steam.

  The professor came in,followed by a group of young people.

  1作原因状语,等于as/since/because引导从句

  Moved by what she said,we couldn’t help crying.=(As we are moved by what she said…

  2作时间状语,等于when引导时间从句,如果分词表示的动作与谓语的动作同时发生,可在分词前加when/while/until等使时间意义更明确。

  When heated,water can be changed into steam.

  Seen from the hill,the park looks very beautiful.=(When the park is seen from the hill…

  3作条件状语等于if/whether引导从句

  Given more attention,the cabbages could have grown better.=(If they have been given more attention….

  Compared with you,we still have a long way to go=(If we are compared with you…

  4作方式或伴随状语

  The actress came in,followed by her fans.

  She sat by the window,lost in thought.

  5作让步状语

  Much tired,he still kept on working.=(Although he was tired,)he….

  6独立主格结构:当分词的逻辑主语不是主句主语时,分词可以有自己独立的逻辑主语,这种结构称为独立主格结构。常用来表示伴随情况。

  The boy rushed into the classroom,his face covered with sweat.

  All things considered,your article is of great value than hers.

  Rewrite with proper conjunctions

  •Example:United we stand,divided we fall.

  If we are united,we will stand,but if we are divided,we will fall.

  1 Asked what had happened,he told us about it.

  →When he was asked what had happened,…

  2 Well known for his expert advice,he received many invitations to give lectures.

  →Because he was well known for his expert advice,…

  3 Given more time,we would be able to do the work much better.

  If we were given more time,

  4 Once translated into Chinese,the book became very popular among Chinese teenagers.

  Once it was translated into Chinese,

  5 Deeply interested in medicine,she decided to become a doctor.

  Because she was deeply interested in medicine,

  6 Left alone at home,Sam did not feel afraid at all.

  Although he was left alone at home,Sam did not feel afaid at all.

  现在分词与过去分词作状语

  现在分词作状语时,与其逻辑主语之间是主动关系,;而过去分词与其逻辑主语之间则表示被动关系。

  Seeing these pictures,I couldn’t help thinking of those days when I was in Beijing.Seen from the top of a thirty-storeyed building,Beijing looks more magnificent.(see)

  •选择现在分词还是过去分词,关键看主句的主语。如分词的动作是主句的主语发出,分词就选用现在分词,反之就用过去分词。例如:

  •Used for a long time,the book looks old.

  •由于用了很长时间,这本书看上去很旧。

  Using the book,I find it useful.

  •在使用的过程中,我发现这本书很有用

  注意:1.系表示主语所处的状态

  _____ in thought,he almost ran into the car in front of him.(lose)

  ______ in white,she looks more beautiful.(dress)

  •be lost in

  •be dressed in

  •be interested in

  •be devoted to

  be supposed to•be caught in the rain

  •be seated in

  •be prepared for

  •be determined to

  2.不与主语保持一致的固定结构

  generally speaking一般说来

  strictly/frankly speaking严格地说/坦白地说

  judging from从…判断

  all things considered从整体来看

  taking all things into consideration全面看来

  例如:Judging from his face,he must be ill.从他的脸色看,他一定是病了。

  Generally speaking,dogs can run faster than pigs.

  总的来说,狗比猪跑得快。(speaking不是dogs的动作)

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