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高一英语知识点总结_倒装句知识点

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  【倒装句知识点总结】

  全部倒装

  全部倒装是只将句子中的谓语动词全部置于主语之前。常见的结构有:

  1)here,there,now,then,thus等副词置于句首,谓语动词常用be,come,go,lie,run。

  There goes the bell.

  Then came the chairman.

  Here is your letter.

  2)表示运动方向的副词或地点状语置于句首,谓语表示运动的动词。

  Out rushed a missile from under the bomber.

  Ahead sat an old woman.

  注意:上述全部倒装的句型结构的主语必须是名词,如果主语是人称代词则不能完全倒装。

  Here he comes.Away they went.

  部分倒装

  部分倒装是指将谓语的一部分如助动词或情态动词倒装至主语之前。没有助动词或情态动词,则需添加助动词do,does或did,并将其置于主语之前。

  1)句首为否定或半否定的词语,如no,not,never,seldom,little,hardly,at no time,in no way,not until…,not only…(but also),hardly/scarcely…(when),no sooner…(than)等。

  Never have I seen such a performance.

  Nowhere will you find the answer to this question.

  Not until the child fell asleep did the mother leave the room.

  Not only did he refuse the gift,he also severely criticized the sender.

  Hardly had she gone out when a student came to visit her.

  No sooner had she gone out than a student came to visit her.

  2)so,either,nor作部分倒装

  Tom can speak French.So can Jack.

  If you won't go,neither will I.

  3)only在句首要倒装的情况

  Only in this way,can you learn English well.

  Only after being asked three times did he come to the meeting.

  Only when he is seriously ill,does he ever stay in bed.

  4)as,though引导的倒装句

  as/though引导的让步从句必须将表语或状语提前(形容词,副词,分词,实义动词提前)。

  Try hard as he will,he never seems able to do the work satisfactorily.

  Young boy as he is,he knows a lot about basketball teams.

  Hard as it was,they reached the peak of the mountain.

  5)其他部分倒装

  1)so…that句型中的so位于句首时,需倒装。

  So frightened was he that he did not dare to move an inch.

  2)在某些表示祝愿的句型中:

  May you all be happy.

  3)在虚拟语气条件句中从句谓语动词有were,had,should等词,可将if省略,把were,had,should移到主语之前,采取部分倒装。

  Were I you,I would try it again.

  【倒装句考点分析】

  1.not until引导时间状语(从句)时的倒装;

  2.含so的句子倒装与不倒装的区别;

  3.only引导状语或状语从句时的倒装;

  4.虚拟条件句省略If时的倒装。

  【倒装句知识点误区】

  1)Not until the early years of the 19th century___ what heat is

  A.man did know B.man knew C.didn't man know D.did man know

  解析:答案为D.否定词not在句首,要求用部分倒装的句子结构。

  2)Do you know Tom bought a new car?

  I don't know,___.

  A.nor don't I care B.nor do I care

  C.I don't care,neither D.I don't care also

  解析:答案为B.句中的nor引出部分倒装结构,表示"也不"。由so,neither,nor引导的倒装句,表示前一情况的重复出现。其中,so用于肯定句,而neither,nor用在否定句中。

  3)---You forgot your purse when you went out.---Good heavens,____.

  A.so did I B.so I did C.I did so D.I so did

  解析:错选A。本题空处不表跟前面情况一样,只是对上述情况的随声附和,所以不用倒装。正确答案B。

  4)Only when the war was over ____ to hometown.

  A.did the soldier return B.the soldier returned

  C.returned the soldier D.the soldier did return

  解析:only引导状语或状语从句时主句要用部分倒装。此题为一般过去时,须在主语前加did,故正确答案为A。

  5)____ for the free tickets,I would not have gone to see films so often.

  A.If it is not B Were it not C.Had it not been D.If they were not

  解析:错选A。此题关键是前后时态要呼应。本题是一个虚拟条件句,根据主句的时态,应该是对过去情况的虚拟,所以往前推一个时态的话,应该是过去完成时。故正确答案为C。

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