That the driver could not control his car was obvious.
Whether he left(or not)is unknown.
What we need is more time and money.
What we need are many more books.
It’s surprising that the little dog can work out math problems.
The trouble is that we are short of money.
(1)引导表语从句除了上述三类词外还有because,as if/as though等等
The reason(why/for which…..)is that……
It/This/That is because……
It seems/appears that….
It looks/seems as if/as though……(与事实相符用陈述语气，与事实相反用虚拟语气)
Things are not always as they seem to be
The teacher told us that the earth moves around the sun.
I want to know whether or not they will come.
He was interested in whether the baby can stand by itself.
He doesn’t know whether to stay or not.
I care if he will not attend the meeting.
I think it certain that she will do well in her exam.
I don’t think he will win the game,will he?
He said(that)he had eaten nothing but that he wasn’t hungry.
I don’t know if he will come.
If he comes,I’ll let you know.
I believe whatever he says.（宾语从句）
Whatever he says,I will never believe him.（让步状语从句）
No matter where I go,my heart is towards China.（让步状语从句）
×I believe no matter what he says.(错句)
Whoever leaves the room last ought to turn off the lights.
Can you tell me who that gentleman is?
2）．当名词性从句缺少主语、宾语或表语时，引导词通常用what，它相当于all that,anything that或the thing(s)that。另外，有时具有感叹意义
What we can’t get seems better than what we have.
Tom thought what a beautiful girl Mary was.
强调句句型It is/was+被强调部分+that,去掉It is/was,that，句子仍然成立。
It is natural that they should have different views.主语从句
It is only lately that he had had a family himself.强调句
What was it that he wanted?I don’t know what it was that he wanted.
It was in the hotel where he stayed that we discussed the serious problem.
It is known to all that the earth is round.
As is known to all,the earth is round.
1．____he does has nothing to do with me.
A.Whatever B.No matter what C.That D.If
解析：错选B。所选词引导主语从句，而no matter what不能引导名词性从句。Whatever引导主语从句并逻辑上作does的宾语。正确答案为A。
2.The manager came over and asked the customer how____
A.did the quarrel came about B.the quarrel had come about
C.have the quarrel come about D.had the quarrel come about
3.Energy is ____makes things work..
A.what B.something C.anything D.that
4.___is no possibility ____Bob can win the first prize in the match.
A.There;that B.It;that C.There;whether D.It;whether