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高一必修2英语重点难点

来源:101教育网整理 2017-11-03 字体大小: 分享到:

  高一英语必修(2)重点难点

  一、必修2重难点词组1.hang on:1)hold on 2)wait for a moment 2.be up to从事,忙于It’s up to you.由你作主/由你定,取决于你3.as well as,4.protest against,5.be located in=lie in 6.go back=date back,date from=go back to=date back to 7.try out/try on 8.focus on/concentrate on/pay attention to 9.make up/be made up of/consist of 10.depend on/rely on 11.in the flesh=on one’s own=by oneself 12.What’s more 13.protest against 14.fight for/against/with 15.be known as:被称作、被认为be known for=be famous for be known to=be familiar to为某人所熟悉be famous as be familiar with=know well 16.look forward to+doing 17.be/get/become used to doing=be accustomed to+doing be used to do used to do 18.come out=be published 19.in other words 20.play a part/role in 21.combine A with B 22.in some ways/in the way/in a way/on the way/by the way 23.go on to do/go on doing 24.so…that/such…that/so that/in order that

  2 in order to/so as to 25.because of/because 26.be dressed in=wear+服装鞋帽首饰dress+sb/oneself 27.back and forth 28.refer to=mean 29.be related to 30.fix one’s eyes on 31.deep in thought=lost in thought 32.add A to B/add to/add up to 33.sort of=kind of+adj./adv.=a little+adj./adv.a kind/sort/type of+名词34.marry get married to/be married to marry sb.to sb.35.be used for/as 36.put up/on/off/out/away 37.dream of dream up=make up 38.hold one’s breath 39.at least/most 40.be home to 41.be determined to do sth.

  二、必修2重难点单词1、affect=have an effect on 2、offer:offer to do sth./offer sb sth=offer sth to sb 3.suggest suggest doing sth,suggest(that)从句(should+do)4.fancy/imagine+doing 5.average/common/ordinary/usual 6.while 7.though/although/as 8.impress be impressed by 9.represent=stand for

  3 10.quit+doing=give up=doing 11.leave sb/sth+doing keep sb/sth=doing 12.except/besides/but/except for三.重点语法Ⅰ.will/be going toⅡ.条件句(尤其是非真实条件句即虚拟条件句)1.零条件句:(1)用法:表示客观事实(2)动词形式:主从句都用一般现在时

  If you heat ice,it turns to water.

  If you eat a lot of chocolate,you put on weight.

  If you are kind to others,they are kind to you.2.第一条件句(主“将”从“现”):(1)用法:表示有可能实现的将来或用于提建议或请求(2)动词形式:主“将”(或祈使句)从“现”

  If the rain stops,the match will begin.

  If I have time,I will go to see you.If it doesn’

  t rain this weekend,we will go hiking.

  If you have time this evening,we can go to the party.If you

  can’t do

  the exercise,try again.3.非真实条件句即虚拟条件句:1)第二条件句即虚拟现在或虚拟将来(1)

  用法“表示与现在事实相反或将来不大可能实现的愿望(2)动词形式:①虚拟现在:从句主句一般过去时would/could/might/should+do②虚拟将来:从句:一般过去时/were to do/should+do主句:would/could/might/should+do

  If the sun stopped shining,everything would disappear.

  If I had more time,I wouldn’

  t eat fast food.

  If my brother were here now,everything would be all right.

  If it were Sunday tomorrow,I should attend his wedding ceremony.

  We are likely to visit you tonight.But if it were to snow,we wouldn’t go.

  If there were no electricity,it would be difficult for us to live.2)第三条件句:

  ①用法:表示与过去事实相反②动词形式:从句主句had+done would/could/might/should+have done

  If you had taken my advice,you wouldn’

  t have failed in the exam.We wouldn’

  t have missed the train if you had got up eariler.3)混合条件句:表示主从句时间不一致

  If you had worked harder in middle school,you would be working in a government office now.4)省略if的虚拟条件句:此时要把条件句中的were、had、should提到主语之前(注意:在否定句中,not不可提到主语之前)A.If I were you,I would go with him.=Were I you,I would go with him B.If I had had time then,I would have gone to see him.=Had I had time then,I would have gone to see him C.If I should visit the Great Wall tomorrow,I would take my son with me.=Should I visit the Great Wall tomorrow,I would take my son with me.D.If you were not my sister,I wouldn’t help you get in touch with him.=Were you

  not my sister,I wouldn’t help you get in touch with him

  Ⅲ.定语从句1.有关概念;1)定语从句:作定语修饰名词或代词的从句2)先行词:被定语从句修饰的名词或代词3)关系词:引导定语从句并且在定语从句中充当一个成分4)关系词分类:①关系代词:that/which/who(作主语、宾语或表语),whom(作宾语),whose(作定语)②关系副词:when/where/why(作状语)5)几个等量关系:关系代词(that/which/who/whom)=先行词,关系代词(whose)=the+名词+of+先行词关系副词=介词+关系代词2.如何确定用关系代词还是关系副词3.先行词是表示地点和时间的名词时的关系词的确定4.关系代词前的介词的确定5.数词/不定代词+of+关系代词引导的定语从句

  5 6.关系词必须使用that的情形7.关系词必须使用which的情形8.定语从句中的主谓一致9.关系词which和as的区别10.定语从句的成分缺失与多余11.定语从句和同位语从句及强调句的区别Ⅳ.状语从句一、.时间状语从句重难点:1、表达“一„„就„„”的连词:the moment/the minute/the second/the instant,immediately 2、表达“刚„„就„„”的连词:no sooner„than,hardly„when 1)时态:no sooner、hardly部分用过去完成时,than、when部分用一般过去时2)倒装:当no sooner、hardly放于句首时,no sooner、hardly所在的那个句子用部分倒装.A.He had no sooner gone out than it began to rain.=No sooner had he gone out than it began to rain.B.I had hardly entered the room when the phone began to ring.=Hardly had I entered the room when the phone began to ring 3、before的用法:1)“„„后才„„”I had waited long before he came.We walked a whole day before we got to the forest.2)“没来得及„„就„„”She was angry before I could explain to her.4、“not„until„”:直到„„才„„not until放于句首时,主句要部分倒装:Jim didn’t go to bed last night until he finished his homwork.=Not until he finished his homwork did Jim went to bed last night.

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