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高一英语必修5单元知识点

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  Unit 5 Nelson Mandela—a modern hero

  1.devotes…to doing奉于

  2.fight against对抗,反对,与……作斗争

  3.selflessly无私地

  4.be free from免于,不受

  5.be in prison入狱,在狱中服刑

  6.the first man to do第一个…的人

  7.The time when I first met him was a very difficult period of my life.第一次见到他的时候是在我一生中非常艰难的时期。

  8.He was generous with his time,for which I was grateful.他十分慷慨地给予我时间,我为此非常感激。

  9.become out of work.失业

  10.hope that…/to do

  11.as soon as I could尽快,马上

  12.We were put into a position in which we had either to accept we were less important,or fight the government.我们被置于这样一个境地:要么我们被迫接受低人一等的现实,要么跟政府作斗争。

  13.Only位于句首,修饰状语从句时,主句采用部分倒装的语序。Only in this way can you come up with a solution to the problem.只有这样,你才能想出解决这个问题的办法。

  14.as a matter of fact事实上

  15.blow up爆炸,打气

  16.be equal to和…平等

  17.in trouble处于困境遇到麻烦

  18.be willing to do sth.愿意,乐于

  19.turn to变成;求助于,借助于,翻到,转向turn to sb for help向某人求助

  20.lose heart灰心;泄气,丧失勇气,失去信心

  21.escape from逃脱,逃离,从……逃出

  22.should have done本应做而未做needn’t have done本不需要做而做了can’t have done过去不可能做过(对过去的否定推测)must have done对过去的肯定推测23.pass the exam.通过考试

  24.be better educated受到良好教育

  25.come to power执政

  26.be proud to do sth.be proud of sth为…而自豪

  27.set up创立,建立,架起,建造The company was set up ten years ago.公司是十年前建立的。

  28.be sentenced to…被判处……

  29.Do you have any thoughts on that你认为那怎么样?

  30.to my understanding按我的理解to my opinion

  31.be accepted by…被……录取、接受

  32.die from死于…(事故等外部原因)die of死于…(疾病等自身原因)

  33.under way正在进行

  34.point of view观点

  35.compete with…与……竞争

  36.advise v.advise+n./pron.advise+doing advise sb.to do sth.advise+that从句(从句的谓语用“should+v原”,should常省略)注:与advise用法类似的动词如forbid,allow,permit,admit,consider等直接接动词作宾语时要用动名词,但接宾补时后跟不定式。如:We forbid smoking here.We forbid you to smoke here.

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