寒假班课5折优惠

高一

101教育热线电话
400-6869-101
当前位置: 首页 > 高一> 高一英语> 高一英语知识点

人教版高一英语必修二Unit5Music重点语法讲解

来源:101教育网整理 2017-11-13 字体大小: 分享到:

  对于英语不好的同学来说,学习语法是至关重要的,下面是Unit5Music重点语法讲解,请大家及时查看学习。

  被修饰的词叫先行词。定语从句不同于单词作定语的情况,它通常只能放在被修饰的词(即先行词)之后。定语从句由关系词(关系代词、关系副词)引导,关系代词、关系副词位于定语从句句首。

  关系代词引导的定语从句

  关系代词所代替的先行词是人或物的名词或代词,并在句中充当主语、宾语、定语等成分。关系代词在定语从句中作主语时,从句谓语动词的人称和数要和先行词保持一致。

  1)who,whom,that

  这些词代替的先行词是人的名词或代词,在从句中所起作用如下:

  Is he the man who/that wants to see you?

  他就是想见你的人吗?(who/that在从句中作主语)He is the man whom/that I saw yesterday.

  他就是我昨天见的那个人。(whom/that在从句中作宾语)

  2)Whose用来指人或物,(只用作定语,若指物,它还可以同of which互换),例如:

  They rushed over to help the man whose car had broken down.那人车坏了,大家都跑过去帮忙。

  Please pass me the book whose(of which)cover is green.请递给我那本绿皮的书。

  3)which,that

  它们所代替的先行词是事物的名词或代词,在从句中可作主语、宾语等,例如:

  A prosperity which/that had never been seen before appears in the countryside.农村出现了前所未有的繁荣。(which/that在句中作主语)

  The package which/that you are carrying is about to come unwrapped.你拿的包快散了。(which/that在句中作宾语)

  关系副词引导的定语从句

  关系副词可代替的先行词是时间、地点或理由的名词,在从句中作状语。

  1)when,where,why

  关系副词when,where,why的含义相当于"介词+which"结构,因此常常和"介词+which"结构交替使用,例如:

  There are occasions when(on which)one must yield.任何人都有不得不屈服的时候。

  Beijing is the place where(in which)I was born.北京是我的出生地。

  Is this the reason why(for which)he refused our offer?这就是他拒绝我们帮助他的理由吗?

  2)that代替关系副词

  that可以用于表示时间、地点、方式、理由的名词后取代when,where,why和"介词+which"引导的定语从句,在口语中that常被省略,例如:

  His father died the year(that/when/in which)he was born.他父亲在他出生那年逝世了。

  He is unlikely to find the place(that/where/in which)he lived forty years ago.他不大可能找到他四十年前居住过的地方。

  判断关系代词与关系副词

  方法一:用关系代词,还是关系副词完全取决于从句中的谓语动词。及物动词后面无宾语,就必须要求用关系代词。例如:

  (错)This is the mountain village where I visited last year.

  (错)I will never forget the days when I spent in the countryside.

  (对)This is the mountain village(which)I visited last year.

  (对)I'll never forget the days(which)I spent in the countryside.

  习惯上总把表地点或时间的名词与关系副词where,when联系在一起。此两题错在关系词的误用上。

  方法二:准确判断先行词在定语从句中的成分(主、谓、宾、定、状),也能正确选择出关系代词/关系副词.先行词在从句中作主、定、宾语时,应选择关系代词;先行词在从句中作状语时,应选择关系副词。

  例如:(对)Is this the museum which you visited a few days ago?

  (对)Is this the museum where the exhibition was held?

上一篇:英语高一下册第二单元期中必备知识点(外研版)

下一篇:高一下册英语词语归纳:Music

高一期末考前辅导
标签: 英语 高一英语 (责任编辑:Lily)
高一期末冲刺辅导
10秒填写领取秋季提升规划
姓名
手机号
年级
*图形验证码
获取验证码
提交