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2016年高一英语下学期期末备考重点复习

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  Module 1 Unit 5 Nelson Mandela–a modern hero

  1.ask for要求得到ask for sb.找某人,要求见某人

  2.be willing to do sth乐意(自愿)做,心甘情愿做

  3.be active in积极参加

  4.lose heart丧失信心lose one’s heart爱上某人

  5.in trouble处于不幸中,有麻烦,在监禁中

  6.die for为……而死die for也意为“渴望,切望”(只用于进行时态)

  7.fight(fought,fought)

  fight for为……而战fight with+人,国家与…并肩作战

  fight against+事物n.为反对……作斗争

  fight against+人,国家和(同)…斗争=fight with

  8.believe in sb.信任某人believe sb=believe what sb says.相信某人的话

  9.be free from摆脱(不好的东西)的,无……的

  10.be in prison.在狱中,被监禁

  put…in prison=send/take…to prison=throw…into prison把……投入监狱

  11.The time when I first met……was a very difficult period of my life.

  This was a time when one had got to….

  12.advise sth

  (one’s)doing sth.

  sb.to do sth.建议某人干advise sb.not to do sth=advise sb.against doing sth.

  sb on sth.就……给某人出主意

  that clause sb(should)do

  advice(n.)a piece of advice take sb’s advice接受某人的劝告

  ask for advice on…give sb.(some)advice on.给某人建议

  13.be+距离/时间+away有……远

  14.continue to do/doing sth

  15.fee付给医生,律师,学校的费用,考试,俱乐部,入场卷收取的费用。

  fare(交通工具的)票价

  reward报酬,奖金vt.酬谢,给以报答in reward作为报酬

  16.After trying hard,I got a job in a gold mine.=after I tried hard….

  17.be worried about=worry about担心

  18.out of work=lose one’s job失业(反)be in work

  19.The last thirty years have seen the greatest number of laws stopping our rights…

  See表示“见证,目睹”;(在某段时期)发生…,经历,经受,主语为时间或物

  The parts of town where they lived were places decided by white people.

  20.vote投票,参加选举,强调其过程

  choose选择,指从众多事物中挑选选举,elect强调选举结果

  21.He has got himself into a dangerous situation where(in which)he is likely to lose control over the plan.

  22.accept主观接受receive客观收到

  23.Only then did we decide to answer violence with violence.

  only then此处引起倒装句,当only修饰状语位于句首时,句子采用部分倒装

  only修饰主语时,句子不倒装。

  24.as a matter of fact=in fact事实上

  25.blow up使充气,爆炸blow off吹掉,吹走

  blow down吹倒blow out吹灭

  26.be equal to等于,相当于

  27.imagine+n./doing sth./sb.+doing/that…n.imagination

  28.escape from sp.逃脱,避开,溜走escape doing sth.避免

  29.in one way=in a way(M2 Unit 3)=in some ways

  all the way一直,一路上by the way顺便一提

  in this way以这种方式in the way妨碍挡路

  on one’s/the way在途中in no way绝不No way!门儿都没有!

  lose one’s way迷路lead the way带头,领先

  30.He taught us during the……when we should have been asleep.

  should do应该做,一般指现在或将来的动作,指过去的动作时应站在过去的角度。

  should have done表示本应该做而没有做的.站在现在的角度上评说过去的事情。

  asleep是表语形容词,意为“睡着的”。sleep是动词或名词,意为“睡觉”。

  sleepy是形容词,意为“打盹的”

  31.As they were not cleverer than me,but did pass their exam….

  “did pass”为强调结构,强调谓语动词时,在动词原行前加do,does,did.

  eg.Do be careful!He does speak English well!

  I do hope you have a merry Christmas!

  32.come to power=come into power执政,当权,上台in power当权,执政

  33.I felt bad the first time I talked to a group.

  every time,每次…就…immediately,the moment/minute/instant=as soon as,

  next time下次…..时,等起从属连词的作用,引导时间状语从句。

  I thought her nice and honest the first time I met her.

  Next time he comes,he asks me for some money.

  34.set up set out to do sth=set about doing sth.着手做某事

  35.be sentenced to

  36.terror n.恐怖,可怕的人或事fear n.&vt.恐惧,可怕

  fear+n./to do/that…for fear of…for fear that…担心惟恐

  37.beat n.敲击,跳动beating n.打、输

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