1.A great person is a someone who devotes his/her life to helping others.
(He started to study ecology and decided to devote his whole life to the science.他开始研究生态学，并决心将他的一生献身于这门科学。He devoted himself entirely to music.他将一生奉献给了音乐。)
We are all brothers in the same fight against injustice.在共同反对非正义行为的斗争中,我们都是同志.
People often have to fight for their liberty.人们往往不得不为自由而战。
He and his wife are always fighting about who will take after the children.他与他妻子总是在为由谁来照看孩子而吵架。
3.He worked selflessly in China as a doctor and saved many Chinese soldiers.作为一个医生他无私地在中国工作，并且拯救了很多中国战士。
4.He strongly believed in the three principles:nationalism;people’s rights;people’s livelihood.他主张三民主义：民主、民权、民生。
5.be free from免于，不受
A judge must be free from prejudice.法官必须不抱成见。
6.in a peaceful way以和平的方式
7.be in prison入狱，在狱中服刑in the prison在监狱
9.the first man to land on the moon第一个登上月球的人
10.The time when I first met him was a very difficult period of my life.第一次见到他的时候是在我一生中非常艰难的时期。(定语从句)
11.He was generous with his time,for which I was grateful.他十分慷慨地给予我时间，我为此非常感激。(He is generous with his money.他花钱大方。I am grateful to you for helping me.感谢你的帮助。Our grateful thanks are due to you.我们衷心感谢你。)
12.have little education受的教育少
13.I could not read or write well.我既不会读也不会写。
14.I worried about whether I would become out of work.我担心我是不是会失业。
15.I became more hopeful about my future.我对自己的未来充满了希望。(I am hopeful that she will come tomorrow.我对她明天要来抱着希望。)
16.as soon as I could尽快，马上
17.The last thirty years have seen the greatest number of laws stopping our rights and progress,until today we have reached a stage where we have almost no rights at all.(定语从句)过去30年来所出现的大量法律剥夺我们的权利，阻挡我们的进步，一直到今天，我们还处在几乎什么权利都没有的阶段。(The 19th century saw many changes.许多变革发生于19世纪。at an early stage in our history在我们的历史早期)
18.…we were put into a position in which we had either to accept we were less important,or fight the government.我们被置于这样一个境地：要么我们被迫接受低人一等的现实，要么跟政府作斗争。
19.Only then did we decide to answer violence with violence.只有到这个时候，我们才决定用暴力反抗暴力。(Only位于句首，修饰副词、介词短语或状语从句时，句子采用部分倒装的语序;修饰状语从句时，只有主句采用部分倒装的语序。
如：①Only in this way can you come up with a solution to the problem.只有这样，你才能想出解决这个问题的办法。
②Only after being asked three times did he come to the meeting.叫了三次他才来参加会议。
③Only when he is seriously ill does he ever stay in bed.病的很重时，他才卧床休息。
Only then did I realize my mistake.直到那时我才知道我的错误.)
20.as a matter of fact事实上(As a matter of fact，it is health that counts.事实上，健康才是最重要的。As a matter of fact,parents don’t want their children to be in trouble.事实上，父母都不希望子女有麻烦。)
21.In 1963,I helped him blow up some government buildings.
在1963年，我帮助他炸毁了一些政府大楼。(Can you lend me a pump to blow up my bicycle tyres?你能借给我个打气筒给车胎打打气吗?
Then it turned out that some stars,like our own sun will blow up one day.然后，事实上有些恒星，就像我们自己的太阳，有朝一日会爆炸。)
22.…I knew it would help us achieve our dream of making black and white people equal.……我知道这是为了实现我们的黑人和白人平等的梦想。
Do as you're told,otherwise you'll be in trouble.叫你怎么做就怎么做,否则有麻烦.
24.be willing to do sth.愿意，乐于Only very few people would be willing to share with him their opinions.很少有人愿意跟他分享他们的见解。
25.What was his attitude towards the unfair situation black people faced?他对黑人面临的不公平处境什么态度?
She had no one to turn to for advice.
Who can I turn to in my hour of need?在我需要的时候我能向谁求助呢?
As they were out of work,Mr and Mrs Black had to turn to their relatives for help.布莱克夫妇由于失业，不得不向亲戚求帮助。
27.…the quality of life for black people got worse.……黑人的生活质量更糟糕。
28….many people remember me as one of the first active black fighters for human rights很多人认为我是为人权而战的第一批积极的黑人战士之一。
Difficulties were increasing.Even then we did not lose heart.尽管困难在增加，但我们毫不灰心。
You will succeed sooner or later while you don't lose heart.只要你不失去信心，你迟早会成功。
If you fail,you should not lose heart but just keep on going.如果你失败了，你也不该灰心。
He listens to music as an escape from the pressures of work.
He stayed in the background to escape from the public attention.他呆在幕后为了避开公众的注意。
The couple had a narrow escape from the fire.这对夫妻从火灾中死里逃生。
31.He taught us during the lunch breaks and the evenings when we should have been asleep.在午餐的休息时间和晚上我们本应该睡觉的时候他教授我们。
should have done本应做而未做
needn’t have done本不应做而做了
can’t have done过去不可能做过
32.He said they should not be stopped from studying for their degrees.他说他们不应该被剥夺通过学习获得学位的权利。
33.…but they did pass their exams.但是他们确实通过了考试。
34.That made me feel good about myself.这让我觉得自己还不错。
35.be better educated受到良好教育
36.I didn’t work again for twenty years until the ANC came to power in 1994.在非国大于1994年执政之前，我有20年没有工作。(After Mandela came to power and became president,his government did their best to change the unfair situation for black people.曼德勒掌权成为总统后，他的政府尽力为黑人改变不平等的状况。)
37.All the terror and fear of that time came back to me.
After the attack,her eyes filled with terror every time when she saw a dog.自从遭遇袭击之后，她每次看见狗，眼睛里都满是恐惧。
38.be proud to do sth.
I'll be proud to be part of it
be proud of sth
You should be proud of what you have achieved.你们应当为自己所取得的成绩而自豪。
The company was set up ten years ago.
He plans to set up his own business.
He begged me to let him join the club we have just set up.他恳求我让他加入我们刚建立的俱乐部。
40.be sentenced to…被判处……
He suggested that the murderer referred to be sentenced to death at once.他建议所涉及到的杀人凶手立刻被判处死刑。
Robert was sentenced to three years in prison for stealing and released a month ago.罗伯特因偷窃被判处三年监禁，于一个月前被释放。
41.Do you have any thoughts on that?你认为那怎么样?
42.to my understanding
43.He was in poor health in his youth so he had to be educated at home.他年轻时身体不好，所有只得在家接受教育。
44.be accepted by…被……录取、接受
45.give free medical care to people there
As far as I know,in some developed countries people enjoy free medical care.就我所知，在一些发达国家人们享有免费医疗。