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高一Unit 1 Cultural relics Periods 2--3(人教新课标)

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Unit 1 Cultural relics (人教新课标)

Periods 2--3

Teaching & learning contents

: Intensive reading, language focus & Comprehending, learning about the language.

Teaching & learning goals

:

1. Learn the new language items in the text and their usages to get a better understanding of the text.

2. Discuss the question in Comprehending.

Main points

: New language points and language items.

Difficult points

: New language points and language items

Class type

: Reading, language focus.

Teaching & learning procedures:

Step 1 Revision

Task 1 Try to retell the text according to the time order.

Task 2 Check the vocabulary to see if the Ss have got to know some of the new words.

Step 2 Language focus

Notice: In this step, teacher encourages and guides the Ss to discover the usages of some new words, new phrases and new sentence structures in the context by discussion. If the Ss have difficulties, teacher gives a complete and clear explanation of the text, including the word formation, word usages, phrases, and sentence structure, the meaning of some difficult sentences, the background information, and the organisation of the paragraph and so on. It is a good chance for the Ss to improve their language abilities in all aspects and enlarge their vocabulary. To each language item, perhaps only one or two aspects are focused on. Teacher can use different ways, such as answering questions, making sentences, comparing and contrasting, summing up, etc. to make the students active in language learning. Teacher can choose some of the items according to the Ss” language level. In all, this teaching step is a comprehensive teaching and it is very important in each unit. While teacher is giving explanation, the Ss should be active and cooperate with the teacher as well as take notes.

Task 1 Learn the language points and try to understand them & use them.

Main language points:


  1. in search (n.) of 寻找;搜寻     in the / one”s search for在寻找

search (v) for sth  

寻找;搜寻    search (v) sb / sth 搜查某物/ 搜身

2. Frederic William I, the King of Prussia, could never have imagined that his greatest gift to the Russian people would have such an amazing history.

1) could have done  “

本能够…”(用于对过去情况的推测,其否定形式 “can”t / couldn”t have done” ,意为 “(过去)不可能做过某事.

eg. The classroom can”t have been cleaned by Li Ping because he didn”t come to school today.

教室不可能是李平打扫的

,因为他今天没来上学.

He knows nothing about that book, for he couldn”t have read it before.


他对那本书一无所知,他不可能读过.

He paid for a seat when he _____ have entered free. (could /would / must / need)

I _______ have been more than six years old when the accident happened.

(shouldn”t / couldn”t / mustn”t /  needn”t)

2) gift n.

礼物,天赋,天资 have a gift for  对…有天赋

gifted adj.  

有天才的,有天赋的

eg. He is a student who has a gift for math.

对数学有天赋.

She is a talented student.

3) amazing adj.

令人惊异的 amazed adj. amaze vt. 使吃惊

eg. He ran at an amazing speed.

His progress in English is amazing.

He felt amazed when he was admitted by Peking University.

3. This gift was the Amber Room, which was given this name because several tons of Amber were used to make it.

1) Non-restrict Attributive Clause.

非限定性定语从句和它的先行词之间只有松散的关系,往往是对先行词作补充说明,在文字中通常用逗号与主句隔开。

eg. The chairman, who spoke first, sat on my right.

The speech, which bored everyone, went on and on.

On April 1 they flew to Beijing, where they stayed several days.

I”m seeing the manager tomorrow, when he will be back from New York.

They have invited us to visit their company, which is very kind of them.

Usually they take a walk after supper, which does them a lot of good.

2) ton  n.

,大量,许多

eg. Two tons of oil are in great need.

A ton of wheat was shipped (ship) to that area

4. The amber which was selected had a beautiful yellow-brown colour like honey.

1) select vt.

选择, 挑选 to take as a choice from among several; pick out. Select  侧重于从许多不同种类中进行选择时的挑剔态度.

choose v.

选择, 选定to select from a number of possible alternatives; decide on and pick out. Choose  含有运用判断力在一些人、物或行为方式中选出一个的意思:

eg.

We do not choose survival as a value; it chooses us”  (B.F. Skinner).

“并不是我们把生存作为一种价值而选择了它;而是它选择了我们”

Four skiers will be selected to represent each country.

每个国家将选出四名滑雪者作为代表。

2) honey n. (

), 蜂蜜

5. The design of the room was in the fancy style popular in those days.

1) design n.

设计, 图案, 构思, 纲要 v. 设计, 计划, 谋划, 构思

eg. design a building; design a computer program.

设计一个建筑物;设计一个计算机程序

2) fancy vt. have a liking for; wish for

爱好;想象

fancy adj.

别致的;奇特的;装饰花哨的

eg. I fancy a swim.

我想去游会儿泳。

Fancy her saying a thing like that!

想不出她竟然说出这样的话来。

These clothes are too fancy for me, I prefer plainer ones.

3) in…style/ in the style of

以……的风格

eg. She bought a painting in the style of Picasso.

4) popular in those days = which was popular in those days

eg. The boys (who are) easiest to teach in my class.

6. It was also a treasure decorated with gold and jewels, which took the country”s best artist about ten years to make.

1) decorate vt.

装饰, ...做室内装修 be decorated with

2) jewel n. [c]

珠宝;宝石

3) artist n.

艺术家 art n.

4) take sb some time to do sth

7. … to whom the amber room belonged,…

1) Non-restrictive clause with the preposition in front of relative pronoun

2) belong vi.

属于;为……的成员 belong to 属于

eg. This house belonged to Mr Li in the past.

Who/ whom does this book belong to?

8. In return, the Czar sent him a troop of his best soldiers.

1) in return  

作为报答in return for  答谢…   return ticket / trip  往返车票/旅行

return v. = go back / give …back

eg. Tom , in return , told her his history.

He bought Mary a card as birthday present. Mary gave him some candies in return.

He bought her a gold watch in return for her help.

2) troop n.

, , 多数, 军队 a troop of

9. reception hall

接待室/

10. She told her artists to add more details to its design.


她告诉他的艺术家们将设计方案再增加更多的细节。

add…to…

……加进……里去

eg. He added that he was very pleased with our work.

Please add some sugar to the milk.

Add the score up.

His being absent added to our difficulty.

The money he spent one day added up to about $100.

11. In 1770 the room was completed the way(= as) she wanted.

the way she wanted

方式状语,the way的用法与连词相同,后面常跟thatin a way, in the way也有类似的用法。

eg. I was never allowed to do things the way I wanted.

He was looking her in a way that surprised her.

*

way
作先行词时,若在从句中作方式状语,应用in whichthat引导定语从句,也可以省略;若在从句中作主语或宾语,应用thatwhich引导定语从句。
 eg. This is the way (in which/that) he did that. 这就是他做那事的方法。
    This is the way that/which is reasonable. 这就是那个很有道理的方法。
    This is the way (that/which) he raised. 这就是他提出来的方法。

12. light v.

点燃,照亮 n. ,光亮   adj.明亮的,轻的,浅色的

:light的过去式或过去分词可用lightedlit,但作定语修饰名词时用lighted

light up

照亮,使(光亮)

eg. She took the lighted (

点燃的)candle into the dark room and quickly the room lit up (照亮).

He lit a lamp/candle/cigarette/fire.

These streets are lit/lighted by electricity.

She entered the room, with a lighted candle in her hand.

13. wonder n. thing or event causing surprised feeling combined with admiration

奇观,壮举,奇才,惊奇,惊叹

, 奇迹

eg. Walking on the moon is one of the wonders of our times.

What a wonder it is!

They were filled with wonder when they saw the spaceship.

It”s a wonder (that )

…难得…

(It”s ) No/ Little / hardly wonder that

…难怪,并不奇怪

eg. It”s a wonder you recognized me .

              

No wonder he is not hungry, he has been eating sweets all day.

难怪他不饿,他整天在吃糖果.

14. This was a time when the two countries were at war.

这是两国交战时期。

at war

处于战争状态,介词at可表示状态或动作。

at peace   at breakfast    at rest         at table

at work    at school      at the piano    at one”s best

eg. At that time, China and Japan were at war, so travelling was extremely difficult.

The two countries have been at war for many years. People there are suffering a lot.

15. remove v. 1)

移走,脱掉= take off  2)排除,去掉 = get rid of

3)

开除,解聘/免职= dismiss

eg. He removed all his doubts.

Remove your hat after you enter the house .

He was removed from school .

16. furniture n. [u]

家具 a piece of furniture

eg. There are ____________________(

三件家具) in the room . (three pieces of furniture)

17. less than

少于more than 多于

18. wood n.

木头, 木材, 树木 wooden adj. 木制的

19. There is no doubt that

.对…毫无疑问/怀疑

doubt n.

怀疑, 疑惑, 疑问vt.怀疑, 不信, 拿不准,

注意

: doubt后面跟that还是whether引导从句的根据: 一般来说,否定句型中多用that从句;肯定句型中多用whether 从句.

There is no doubt… = It”s clear that… = It”s beyond argument

eg. There”s no doubt that he”ll come this afternoon.

There is no doubt that he can do the work well.

I have no doubt that he will succeed.

There is no doubt about his honesty/ that he is honest.

I doubt his ability to the work.

We doubt the truth of the news.

I don”t doubt that he will succeed.

I doubt whether he will come.

20. After that, what happened to the Amber Room remains a mystery.

remain vi 1)

剩余,剩下  remain (+副词 / 介词短语)

2)

停留,留下,逗留(stay 正式) remain (+副词)

3) link-verb

仍是,依然 remain + 形容词 / 名词 / 介词短语(系表结构)

4)

尚待,留待 remain + to do

eg. The children ate and ate until no food remained on the table.

After the party Judy remained and helped me do the dishes.

How long will you remain here?

What really happened to the Amber Room remains a mystery.

Peter became a judge but John remained a fisherman.

The weather still remained warm in October

A lot of work remains to be done.

It remains to be seen whether he will pass.  

他是否通过考试仍不得而知

拓展

: remaining  adj. 剩下的(作前置定语)

remain standing /seated

一直站着/坐着

remain /keep silent  

保持沉默

注意:

remain 没有被动语态 表达留下来被做sth. remains to be done

eg. The fact remains to be proved.

事实尚待证明

After the fire, very little remained of my house.

Let things remain as they are.

He remained silent.

21. former adj.

从前的, 以前的latter adj.后面的, (两者中)后者的, 较后的, 近来的

eg. a former ambassador

前任外交大使

Between captain and major, the latter is the higher rank.

在上尉与少校之间,后者是军衔较高。

22. worth  prep.

相当...价值  n.价值, 财产  adj.值钱的, 值的看中的

eg. It is not worth a penny.

不值一文。

The car is worth $10,000.

Whatever is worth doing at all is worth doing well.

凡是值得做的事情都值得好好地做。 It”s worth hearing/seeing. 这值得听/看。

The book is well worth reading.

It”s worth nothing.

这毫无价值。

He is worth a million.

他是个百万富翁。

Step 3 Question time

Task Ss come up with their own difficulties that the teacher has explained or has not yet covered. Teacher gives further explanation.

Step 4 Comprehending

Task Talk about the question in Exercise3 in comprehending.

Suggested answers:

This discussion is an opportunity for students to discuss whether such reconstructions are worthwhile. There are several factors to consider:

* the cost

* whether an object or building can be faithfully reproduced.

* whether it helps people better understand the reasons why such building was destroyed.

Homework:

1. Remember the language points in the text and arrange notes after class. Choose some beautiful sentences from the text.

3. Do the vocabulary exercise both in TB & WB.


 

 

 

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Unit 1 Cultural relics

Periods 2--3(人教新课标)

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Unit 1 Cultural relics

Periods 2--3(人教新课标)

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