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高一英语阅读理解(二)

来源:101教育网整理 2018-03-28 字体大小: 分享到:


   

高一

   

英语

   

通用版

内容标题

阅读理解(二)

编稿老师

陈梅

本讲主要内容


阅读理解(二)

知识总结归纳


阅读技巧训练分类解释


(一)客观试题

I.

直接选择题:

Passage one :

Helen Keller was born a healthy normal child in Alabama in 1880 . However , an illness accompanied by a high fever struck her when she was still an infant , leaving her deaf , blind , and unable to speak . For little Helen , the world was suddenly a dark and frightening place . She reacted by becoming wild and stubborn

1. When she was born , Helen Keller was a ______ child.

A. healthy B. sick

C. deaf D. blind

2. When she was a child , Helen Keller ______.

A. couldn”t hear anything

B. couldn”t see anything

C. couldn”t speak

D. couldn”t do all of the above

答案:

1. A    2. D


Passage Two

90')


I would almost rather see you dead . Robert S. Cassatt , a leading banker of Philadelphia , shouted when his twenty-year-old eldest daughter announced that she wanted to become an artist . In the 19th century , playing at drawing or painting on dishes was all right for a young lady , but serious work in art was not . And when the young lady”s family ranked among (跻身于)the best of Philadelphia”s social families , such an idea could not even be considered.

That was how Marty Cassatt , born in 1844 , began her struggle as an artist . She did not tremble before her father”s anger . Instead , she opposed him with courage and at last made him change his mind . Mary Cassatt gave up her social position and all thought of a husband and a family , which in those times was unthinkable for a young lady . In the end , after long years of hard work and perseverance , she became America”s most important woman artist and the internationally recognized leading woman painter of the time.

What do we know about Mary Cassatt”s marriage ?

A. Her marriage failed because she never gave a thought to her husband and family .

B. She never married because she did not want to be just a wife and mother.

C. After marriage she decided to give up her husband rather than her career.

D. She did not marry because for a lady of her social position to marry below her was unthinkable.


II.

问题表达方式的转折

Passage one

96上海)

This year some twenty-three hundred teenagers from all over the world will spend about ten months in U.S homes . They will attend U.S schools , meet U.S teenagers , and form impressions of the real America . At the same time , about thirteen hundred American teenagers will go to other countries to learn new languages and give a new understanding of the rest of the world.

This year ___________ teen-agers will take part in the exchange programme between America and other countries ?

A. twenty three hundred

B. thirteen hundred

C. over three thousand

D. less than two thousand

答案:

C


Passage two

Wall Street is a famous street in New York city . It got its name from the wooden wall that used to stand where the street now runs.

The wall was built in the 1660s . New York was then a Dutch city set up by people coming from Holland in Europe , it was called New Amsterdam.

The American Indians were not always friends of the Dutch ; nor were the English . So the Dutch built the wooden wall to protect their town.

The wall is gone now . But Wall Street reminds the people of New York of the Dutch who settled there.

The wall was built ______.

A. by the English against the Americans and the Indians

B. by the Dutch against the Indians and the Americans

C. by the English against the Dutch and the Indians

D. by the Dutch against the Indians and the English

答案:

D


Passage three

Kleptomania is an illness of the mind that gives a person the desire to steal . Such a person is not really a thief . They are sick and cannot help themselves . All small children act naturally and as they grow up they normally learn to control their actions . People with kleptomania for certain medical reasons have failed to develop control over their desire to take things that do not belong to them . With medical help they may become normal citizen again . The things that a kleptomania steals are seldom of great value . They often give away what they have stolen or collect objects without using them.

1. From the text we learn that small children ______.

A. have little control of themselves

B. usually steal things but grow up honest

C. are usually kleptomaniacs

D. like to give things away

2. Kleptomaniacs usually steal things that ______.

A. are valuable

B. are unimportant

C. their friends like

D. they themselves need

答案:

1. A    2. B



词义理解题:

1.

1)根据定义或解释

<1>An autobilography is the story of a person”s life written by himself.

<2>To boycott a store means to refuse to shop in the store.


2)根据同义词或反义词及关系

<1>He replied quickly . But after he considered the problem more carefully , he regretted having make such a hasty decision.

<2>

I think we are being watched.


Really ? What makes you think we are under surveillance ?

<3>Unlike his brother , who is truly a handsome man , John is quite homely .


3)根据举例

<1>Scientists are studying how birds such as terns migrate.

<2>Today young couple who are just starting their households often spend lots of their money on appliances , for example , washing-machines , fridges and color TVs.


4)根据因果关系:

<1>She did not hear what you said because she was completely engrossed in her reading.

<2>This kind of flower turives in this area because the weather is warm , the soil is excellent , and there is a lot of rain.


根据上下文语境:


1Many animals collect seeds and nuts for the winter.

A. pick up B. organize

C. store D. need


2She wanted to collect her thoughts before she spoke to her boss.

A. pick up B. organize

C. store D. need


3If he thinks he can invite me out , he is all wet . I don”t like to be with him.

A. drunk B. sweating

C. happy D. mistaken


题型展示

高考范文分析

NMET 2000

A

New York , 10 November

527 pm , yesterday . Biggest power failure in the city”s history.

Thousands of people got stuck in lifts . Martin Saltzman spent three hours between the 21st and 22nd floors of the Empire State Building .

There were twelve of us . But no one panicked . We passed the time telling stories and playing word games . One man wanted to smoke but we didn”t let him . Firemen finally got us out.


It was the best night we”ve ever had , said Angela Carraro , who runs and Italian restaurant on 42nd Street . We had lots of candles on the tables and the waiters were carrying candles on their trays . The place was fulland all night , in fact . for after we had closed , we let the people stay on and spend the night here.

The zoos had their problems like everyone else . Keepers worked through the night . They used blankets to keep flying squirrels and small monkeys warm . While zoos had problems keeping warm , supermarkets had problems keeping cool .

All of our ice cream and frozen foods melted ,said the manager of a store in downtown Manhattan . They were worth $ 50 000.

The big electric clock in the lobby

(大厅)of the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in downtown Manhattan started ticking (滴答)again at 5:25 this morning . It was almost on time.

1. Throughout the period of darkness , Martin Saltzman and the eleven others were _____.

A. nervous B. excited

C. calm D. frightened

2. In what way was the night of November 9 the best night for Angela Carraro ?

A. She had a taste of adventure.

B. Burning candles brightened the place.

C. Business was better than usual.

D. Many people stayed the night in her restaurant.

3. How long did the power failure last ?

A. Nearly 12 hours.

B. More than 12 hours.

C. Nearly 24 hours.

D. More than 24 hours

答案:

1. C    2. C     3. A


Reading 6 Walt Disney


That”s a fine picture of a horse , said the doctor . The boy looked up happily , young Walt Disney loved to draw.


I”d draw all day long , but I have work to do , he told his friend , Doc . Sherwod . Walt”s father had many jobs for him to do .


Stop all that drawing , Mr. Disney would say , There”s work to be done.

When he was older , Walt decided to make art his work . He worked hard drawing cartoons . When he had time , be studied art . He began to make cartoon movies . But he didn”t have much money and he didn”t always have enough to eat.

Sometimes when he worked in his little office , a mouse would run near his desk .


Would you like to be my pet ? Walt asked the mouse . He caught the mouse and kept him as a pet . He called him Mortimer.

A few years later , Walt remembered Mortimer and decided to make a cartoon about him.


I”m making a cartoon about a mouse named Mortimer , he told his wife.


Mortimer Mouse ? I think Mickey Mouse would be a better name , she said .


You”are right ! It would.

Disney made many Mickey Mouse cartoons . People all over the world saw Mickey and loved him . Mickey Mouse made Walt Disney famous . Then came Donald Duck and Goofy and others.

Walt began to make full-length cartoons . One was Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs . Both old and young loved Snow white and the funny little men . Then Walt made movies for television . Millions of children watched the shows every week .

Walt had two daughters . He took them everywhere . They liked to go to amusement parks . Walt dreamed of making a beautiful amusement park that adults as well as children would like .

My park would be alive and exciting . And it would be clean and safe . They”d come from far and near to see it . His dreams came true with Disneyland . In 1955 , he opened a wonderful land of make -believe in California . Real boats , castles , trains , mountains , rivers- all in one beautiful park . Millions of people came to Disneyland.

Years later , Disney World was built . Walt Disney now had another wonderful world of fun in Florida.

Walt Disney died in 1966 but the world will not forget him quickly . Micky Mouse and all his friends will help us to remember him.

Test your comprehension :

1. Walt Disney loved to draw ______.

A. under his father”s influence

B. though he hadn”t much time

C. and earned money by drawing potraits

D. because he learned a lot from the art school

2. We have learned that he remained very poor until he _____.

A. took art courses

B. raised a mouse as a pet

C. made cartoon movies

D. created Mickey Mouse cartoons

3. We can guess that before Walt made movies for television , children _____.

A. could watch the shows once a month

B. didn”t like cartoons very much

C. could only see cartoons in the cinema

D. weren”t allowed to watch TV

4. How many kinds of cartoon figures mentioned in this article ?

A. 1 B. 2

C. 3 D. 4

5. According to this article , which of the following sentences is wrong ?

A. It was Mickey Mouse that made Walt famous.

B. Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs were the first full-length cartoon made by Walt.

C. Besides making cartoon movies , Walt had built beautiful amusement parks for children and adults.

D. People will not forget Walt as his cartoons are popular all over the world

答案:

1. B      2. D     3. C     4. D     5. B



2

You have been badly injured in a car accident . It is necessary to give you a blood transfusion because you lost a great deal of blood in the accident . However , special care must be taken in selecting new blood for you . If the blood is too different from your own , the transfusion could kill you .

There are four basic types of blood : A , B, AB, and O.A simple test can show a person”s blood type . Everybody is born with one of these four types of blood . Blood type , like hair colour and height , is received from parents.

Because of substances contained in each type , the four groups must be transfused carefully . Basically , A and B cannot be mixed . A and B cannot receive AB , but AB may receive A or B .O can be given to any other group ; hence , it is often called the universal donor . For the opposite reason , AB is sometimes called the universal recipient . However , because so many reactions can happen in transfusions , patients usually receive only salt or plasma until their blood can be matched as exactly as possible in the blood bank of a hospital . In this way , it is possible to keep away from any bad reactions to the transfusion.

There is a relationship between your blood type and your nationality . Among Europeans and people of European ancestry , about 42% have type A while 45% have type O. The rarest is type AB. Other races have different percentages . For example , some American Indian groups have nearly 100% of type O.

1. A good title for this selection is ______.

A. Getting Blood and Plasma

B. Special Blood Colours

C. Human Blood Types

D. The Relationship Between Your Blood Type and Your Nationality

2. The word

hencein the third paragraph means _____.

A. always B. often

C. sometimes D. therefore

3. The author suggests that the third most common blood type among Europeans is _____.

A. A B. B

C. AB D. O

4. People with type A blood can receive _____.

A. AB B. B

C. O D. none of the above

5. If you need a transfusion , the best and safest blood for you is _____.

A. type AB B. type B

C. exactly the same type as yours

D. a mixture of salt , plasma and type O


答案:1. C    2. D    3. B     4. C     5. C


                                                           

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