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高一英语语法:《定语从句的用法》

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高一

   

英语

   

人教实验版

内容标题

语法:定语从句的用法

编稿老师

黎俊辉

 

本讲教育信息

. 教学内容:

语法:定语从句的用法

 

. 定语从句语法点的讲解

定语从句(

Attributive Clauses)在句中做定语,修饰一个名词或代词,被修饰的名词,词组或代词即先行词。定语从句通常出现在先行词之后,由关系词(关系代词或关系副词)引出。

  关系代词有:

who, whom, whose, that, which等。

  关系副词有:

when, where, why等。

 

关系代词引导的定语从句

  关系代词所代替的先行词是人或物的名词或代词,并在句中充当主语、宾语、定语等成分。关系代词在定语从句中作主语时,从句谓语动词的人称和数要和先行词保持一致。

1

who, whom, that

  这些词代替的先行词是人的名词或代词,在从句中所起作用如下:

  

Is he the man who/that wants to see you?

  他就是想见你的人吗?(

who/that在从句中作主语)

  

He is the man whom/ that I saw yesterday.

  他就是我昨天见的那个人。(

whom/that在从句中作宾语)

  

2) whose 用来指人或物,(只用作定语, 若指物,它还可以同of which互换), 例如:

  

They rushed over to help the man whose car had broken down.   那人车坏了,大家都跑过去帮忙。

  

Please pass me the book whose (of which) cover is green.  请递给我那本绿皮的书。

  

3which, that

  它们所代替的先行词是事物的名词或代词,在从句中可作主语、宾语等,例如:

  

A prosperity which / that had never been seen before appears in the countryside. 农村出现了前所未有的繁荣。(which / that在句中作宾语)

  

The package (which / that) you are carrying is about to come unwrapped. 你拿的包快散了。(which / that在句中作宾语)

 

关系副词引导的定语从句

  关系副词可代替的先行词是时间、地点或理由的名词,在从句中作状语。

  

1when, where, why

  关系副词

when, where, why的含义相当于“介词+ which”结构,因此常常和“介词+ which”结构交替使用,例如:

  

There are occasions when (on which) one must yield.  任何人都有不得不屈服的时候。

  

Beijing is the place where (in which) I was born.  北京是我的出生地。

  

Is this the reason why (for which) he refused our offer? 这就是他拒绝我们帮助他的理由吗?

  

2that代替关系副词

  

that可以用于表示时间、地点、方式、理由的名词后代替when, where, why和“介词+ which”引导的定语从句,在口语中that常被省略,例如:

  

His father died the year (that / when / in which) he was born.  他父亲在他出生那年逝世了。

  

He is unlikely to find the place (that / where / in which) he lived forty years ago. 他不大可能找到他四十年前居住过的地方。

 

判断关系代词与关系副词

  方法一:

用关系代词,还是关系副词完全取决于从句中的谓语动词。及物动词后面无宾语,就必须要求用关系代词;而不及物动词则要求用关系副词。例如:

  

This is the mountain village where I stayed last year.

  

I”ll never forget the days when I worked together with you.

  判断改错(注:先显示题,再显示答案,横线;用不同的颜色表示出。)

  (错)

This is the mountain village where I visited last year.

  (错)

I will never forget the days when I spent in the countryside.

  (对)

This is the mountain village (which) I visited last year.

  (对)

I”ll never forget the days (which) I spent in the countryside.

  习惯上总把表地点或时间的名词与关系副词

where, when联系在一起。此两题错在关系词的误用上。

  方法二:

准确判断先行词在定语从句中的成分(主、谓、宾、定、状),也能正确选择出关系代词/关系副词。

 例

1. Is this museum ___ you visited a few days ago?

  

A. where B. that  C. on which  D. the one

 例

2. Is this the museum ____ the exhibition was held?

  

A. where  B. that  C. on which  D. the one

  答案:例

1 D,例2 A

  例

1变为肯定句: This museum is ___ you visited a few days ago.

  例

2变为肯定句: This is the museum ___ the exhibition was held.

  在句

1中,所缺部分为宾语,而where, that, on which都不能起到宾语的作用,只有the one既做了主句的表语,又可做从句的宾语,可以省略关系代词,所以应选D

  而句

2, 主、谓、宾俱全,从句部分为句子的状语表地点,既可用副词where,又因 in the museum词组,可用介词in + which 引导地点状语。而此题中,介词on 用的不对,所以选A

  关系词的选择依据在从句中所做的成分,先行词在从句中做主、定、宾语时,选择关系代词

(who, whom, that, which, whose) 先行词在从句中做状语时,应选择关系副词 ( where 地点状语,when 时间状语,why 原因状语)

 

限制性和非限制性定语从句

  

1) 定语从句有限制性和非限制性两种。限制性定语从句是先行词不可缺少的部分,去掉它主句意思往往不明确;非限制性定语从句是先行词的附加说明,去掉了也不会影响主句的意思,它与主句之间通常用逗号分开,例如:

  

This is the house which we bought last month.    这是我们上个月买的那幢房子。(限制性)

  

The house, which we bought last month, is very nice. 这幢房子很漂亮,是我们上个月买的。(非限制性)

  

2) 当先行词是专有名词或物主代词和指示代词所修饰时,其后的定语从句通常是非限制性的,例如:

  

Charles Smith, who was my former teacher, retired last year. 查理�史密斯去年退休了,他曾经是我的老师。

  

My house, which I bought last year, has got a lovely garden. 我去年买的那幢房子带着个漂亮的花园。

  

This novel, which I have read three times, is very touching. 这本小说很动人,我已经读了三遍。

  

3) 非限制性定语从句还能将整个主句作为先行词, 对其进行修饰, 这时从句谓语动词要用第三人称单数,例如:

  

He seems not to have grasped what I meant, which greatly upsets me. 他似乎没抓住我的意思,这使我心烦。

  

Liquid water changes to vapor, which is called evaporation. 液态水变为蒸汽,这就叫做蒸发。

  说明:关系代词

that和关系副词why不能引导非限制性定语从句。

 

介词

+关系词

  

1)介词后面的关系词不能省略。

  

2that前不能有介词。

  

3 某些在从句中充当时间,地点或原因状语的“介词+关系词”结构可以同关系副词when where 互换。

  

This is the house in which I lived two years ago.

  

This is the house where I lived two years ago.

  

Do you remember the day on which you joined our club?

  

Do you remember the day when you joined our club?

 

as, which

非限定性定语从句

  由

as, which 引导的非限定性定语从句,aswhich可代整个主句,相当于and thisand thatas一般放在句首,which在句中。

  

As we know, smoking is harmful to one”s health.

  

The sun heats the earth, which is very important to us.   

 

[典型例题]

  

1Alice received an invitation from her boss, ___came as a surprise.

  

A. it  B. that  C. which   D. he

  答案

C. 此为非限定性从句,不能用 that修饰,而用whichit he 都使后句成为句子,两个独立的句子不能单以逗号连接。况且选he句意不通。

  

2The weather turned out to be very good, ___ was more than we could expect.

  

A. what  B. which  C. that  D. it

答案

B

which

可代替句子,用于非限定性定语从句,而what不可。that 不能用于非限定性定语从句,it不为连词,使由逗号连接的两个句子并在一起在英语语法上行不通。

  

3It rained hard yesterday, ____ prevented me from going to the park.

A. that

  B. which   C. as  D. it

答案

B.

  

as which在引导非限制性定语从句时,这两个关系代词都指主句所表达的整个意思,且在定语从句中都可以作主语和宾语。但不同之处主要有两点:

  (

1 as 引导的定语从句可置于句首,而which不可。

  (

2 as 代表前面的整个主句并在从句中作主语时,从句中的谓语必须是系动词;若为行为动词,则从句中的关系代词只能用which

  在本题中,

prevent由于是行为动词,所以正确选项应为B

  

As 的用法

 例

1. the same… assuch…as 中的as 是一种固定结构, ……一样……

  

I have got into the same trouble as he (has).

 

 例

2. as可引导非限制性从句,常带有“正如”的意思。

  

As we know, smoking is harmful to one”s health.

  

As is know, smoking is harmful to one”s health.

  

as是关系代词。例1中的asknow的宾语;例2中,它充当从句的主语,谓语动词know要用被动式。

 

先行词和关系词二合一

  

1)Whoever spits in public will be punished here.

  

(Whoever 可以用 anyone who 代替)

  

2)The parents will use what they have to send their son to technical school.

  

(what 可以用all that代替)

  

what/whatever; that/what; who/whoever

  

1what = the thing whichwhatever = anything

  

What you want has been sent here.

  

Whatever you want makes no difference to me.

  

2) who= the person that  whoever= anyone who

  (错)

Who breaks the law will be punished.

  (错)

Whoever robbed the bank is not clear.

  (对)

Whoever breaks the law will be punished.

  (对)

Who robbed the bank is not clear.

  

3) that what 

  当

that引导定语从句时 ,通常用作关系代词,而引导名词性从句时,是个不充当任何成分的连接词。宾语从句和表语从句中的that常可省略。what只能引导名词性从句,用作连接代词,作从句的具体成分,且不能省略。

  

I think (that) you will like the stamps.

  

What we need is more practice.

 

关系代词

that 的用法

  

1)不用that的情况

  

a) 在引导非限定性定语从句时。

  

() The tree, that is four hundred years old, is very famous here.

  

b) 介词后不能用。

  

We depend on the land from which we get our food.

  

We depend on the land that/which we get our food from.

  

2) 只能用that作为定语从句的关系代词的情况

  

a) 在there be 句型中,只用that,不用which

  

b) 当不定代词如:anything, nothing, the one, all, much, few, any, little等作先行词时,只用that,不用which

  

c) 先行词有the only, the very修饰时,只用that。 

  

d) 先行词为序数词、数词、形容词最高级时,只用that

  

e) 先行词既有人,又有物时。

举例:

  

All that is needed is a supply of oil.

  所需的只是供油问题。

  

Finally, the thief handed everything that he had stolen to the police.  

  那贼最终把偷的全部东西交给了警察。

 

【模拟试题】

练习(一)

1. The place _______interested me most was the Children”s Palace.

A. which

B. where C. what D. in which

2. Do you know the man _______?

A. whom I spoke

B. to who spoke

C. I spoke to

D. that I spoke

3. This is the hotel _______last month.

A. which they stayed

B. at that they stayed

C. where they stayed at

D. where they stayed

4. Do you know the year ______the Chinese Communist Party was founded?

A. which

B. that C. when D. on which

5. That is the day ______I”ll never forget.

A. which

B. on which C. in which D. when

6. The factory ______we”ll visit next week is not far from here.

A. where

B. to which C. which D. in which

7. Great changes have taken place since then in the factory _______we are working.

A. where

B. that C. which D. there

8. This is one of the best films _______.

A. that have been shown this year

B. that have shown

C. that has been shown this year

D. that you talked

9. Can you lend me the book ______the other day?

A. about which you talked

B. which you talked

C. about that you talked

D. that you talked

10. The pen ______he is writing is mine.

A. with which

B. in which C. on which D. by which

11. They arrived at a farmhouse, in front of ______sat a small boy.

A. whom

B. who C. which D. that

12. The engineer ______my father works is about 50 years old.

A. to whom

B. on whom C. with which D. with whom

13. It there anyone in your class ______family is in the country?

A. who

B. who”s C. which D. whose

14. I”m interested in ______you have said.

A. all that

B. all what C. that D. which

15. I want to use the same dictionary ______was used yesterday.

A. which

B. who C. what D. as

16. He isn”t such a man ______he used to be.

A. who

B. whom C. that D. as

17. He is good at English, ______we all know.

A. that

B. as C. whom D. what

18. Li Ming, ______to the concert enjoyed it very much.

A. I went with

B. with whom I went

C. with who I went

D. I went with him

19. I don”t like ______ as you read.

A. the novels

B. the such novels

C. such novels

D. same novels

20. He talked a lot about things and persons ________they remembered in the school.

A. which

B. that C. whom D. what

21. The letter is from my sister, ______is working in Beijing.

A. which

B. that C. whom D. who

22. In our factory there are 2,000 workers, two thirds of ____are women.

A. them

B. which C. whom D. who

23. You”re the only person ______I”ve ever met ______could do it.

A. who;/

B. /; whom C. whom;/ D. /; who

24. I lost a book, ______I can”t remember now.

A. whose title

B. its title C. the title of it D. the title of that

25. Last summer we visited the West Lake, ______Hangzhou is famous in the world.

A. for which

B. for that C. in which D. what

26. I have bought such a watch _______ was advertised on TV.

A. that

B. which C. as D. it

27. I can never forget the day _______ we worked together and the day ______ we spent together.

A. when; which

B. which; when C. what; that D. on which; when

28. The way ______he looks at problems is wrong.

A. which

B. whose C. what D. /

29. This is the reason ______he didn”t come to the meeting.

A. in which

B. with which C. that D. for which

30. This machine, ______for many years, is still working perfectly.

A. after which I have looked

B. which I have looked after

C. that I have looked after

D. I have looked after

31. The reason ______he didn”t come was ______he was ill.

A. why; that

B. that; why C. for that; that D. for which; what

32. He is working hard, ______will make him pass the final exam.

A. that

B. which C. for which D. who

33. That is not the way ______I do it.

A. /

B. which C. for which D. with which

34. I have two grammars, ______are of great use.

A. all of which

B. either of which C. both of that D. both of which

35. I want to use the same tools _______used in your factory a few days ago.

A. as was

B. which was C. as were D. which

36. My neighbours used to give me a hand in time of trouble, _______ was very kind of them.

A. who

B. which C. that D. it

37. This is the magazine _______ I copied the paragraph.

A. that

B. which C. from that D. from which

38. He is not such a man _______ would leave his work half done.

A. that

B. which C. who D. as

39. You can depend on whatever promise _______ he makes.

A. /

B. why C. when D. whose

40. Smoking, _______ is a bad habit, is, however, popular.

A. that

B. which C. it D. though

41. —— Did you ask the guard _______ happened?

—— Yes, he told me all _______ he knew.

A. what; that

B. what; what C. which; which D. that; that

42. I shall never forget those years _______ I lived on the farm with the farmers, _______ has a great effect on my life.

A. when; who

B. that; which C. which; that D. when; which

43. The number of the people who _______ cars _______ increasing.

A. owns; are

B. owns; is C. own; is D. own; are

44. During the days ________, he worked as a servant at the Browns.

A. followed

B. following C. to follow D. that followed

45. Is oxygen the only gas _______ helps fire burn?

A. that

B. / C. which D. it

46. The clever boy made a hole in the wall, _______ he could see _____ was going on inside house.

A. which; what

B. through which; what

C. through that; what

D. what; that

47. Is _______ some German friends visited last week?

A. this school

B. this the school

C. this school one

D. this school where

48. John got beaten in the game, _______ had been expected.

A. as

B. that C. what D. who

49. I have bought two ballpens, _______ writes well.

A. none of them

B. neither of them

C. neither of which

D. none of which

50. All that can be eaten _______ eaten up.

A. are being

B. has been C. had been D. have been

 

练习(二)

听力部分:略

Ⅱ.单项填空

(20小题;每小题1分,满分20)

 

ABCD四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

21. ——So you believe, Mr. Green, that the government must spend more on education?

——__________!

A. Take care B. Repeat it, please C. I see D. Exactly

22. In his letter, he said it was the third time that he ______ Zhuhai.

A. had visited   B. visited C. has visited D. would visit

23. She told me that it was _____ you spoke ill of her behind her back _____ she disliked you.

A. since; that B. for; that C. because; that D. that; why

24. _______ meet Mr Wang, chairman of the trade union, he waited at the gate of the factory.

A. In order that       B. So that       C. So as to     D. In order to

25. You _________ come to his office. Our boss won”t be back until next week.

A. haven”t to     B. won”t have got to    C. haven”t got to     D. don”t have got to

26. She is a bit shy and _______ stand up and answer the teacher”s questions.

A. doesn”t dare to     B. dares not     C. dare not to       D. dares not to

27. The young physics teacher couldn”t _______ her words ________ by the students.

A. get; understanding   B. get; understood

C. get; to understand    D. make; understand

28. Robert has been working in New York for ten years, so American law is familiar _____ him.

A. on B. with C. to D. of

29. I was so excited that I ________ for the whole night.

A. held awake      

B. stayed awake        

C. held wake    

D. stayed wake

30. It rained heavily. And it was very kind of him to _____ his umbrella with me.

A. share B. take C. bring D. use

31. I”ll show you a store ______ you may buy all _____ you need.

A. where; which    

B. in which; that   C. which; that   D. that; that

32. For one thing, a journal isn”t as personal as a diary. _______, a travel journal has a different purpose.

A. On the other hand     B. In a word       C. What”s more       D. For another

33. Don”t forget to ______ and remember to send me some photos.

A. write a letter me

B. write to me

C. write me with a letter    D. write to me letter

34. At last Tom was able to ____ her to give up the foolish idea that she wanted to go there alone.

A. suggest B. expect C. advise D. persuade

35. It”s really time I should go home, but I”m enjoying myself, so I ______ here a bit longer.

A. am staying B. have stayed C. stayed D. stay

36. India has a very large number of English speakers. This is ____ Britain ruled India from 1765 to 1947.

A. why B. because of C. because D. what

37. The professor tells us that _______ we have learned Spanish, we will find Italian easy.

A. for B. once C. though D. even though

38. No one can be sure _____ in a million years.

A. what man will look like

B. what will man look like

C. man will look like what

  D. what look will man like

39. They decided to cycle along the Mekong River from _____ it begins to ______ it ends.

A. what; what B. where; where

C. the place where; what D. what; the place where

40. In the days before a dictionary, people could spell words in different ways  _____ you might find interesting.

A. which B. in which C. as D. how

 

Ⅲ.完形填空

(20小题;每小题1. 5分,满分30)

 

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从4160各题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

The Voice of America began during the World War II, when Germany was broadcasting

(广播) a radio program to get the international support. American officials believed they should answer the German broadcast with 41 that they thought were the facts of world 42  . The first VOA news report began with words in  43  . “The  44   may be good or bad, but we shall tell you the truth.” Within a week, other VOA announcers were broadcasting in another four languages, 45 French and English.

After the World War II 46 in 1945, some Americans felt VOA”s 47 had to be changed, considering the Soviet Union (

苏联) became enemy of America. They wanted to reach Soviet listeners. The VOA began broadcasting in  48  .

In the early years VOA began  49   something new to its broadcast that was 50 “Music USA”. Another new idea 51 in 1959. VOA knew that many listeners did not know 52   English to completely understand its normal English broadcast. 53 VOA invented a simpler kind of English,  54   uses about 1,500 words and is spoken 55  . Of course, it is special English.

In the  56   of most VOA listeners, the most  57   program is the news report. News from around the world fly into the VOA news room in Washington 24 hours a day. It comes from VOA reporters in big cities and also from other 58   like BBC. VOA writers and 59 use these materials

(材料) to  60   news reports, which are being broadcast in 43 languages.

41. A. advice

B. commands C. words D. requests

42. A. reasons

B. events C. topics D. questions

43. A. time B. short C. English D. German

44. A. news B. problems C. effects D. opinions

45. A. to include

B. had included C. including D. included

46. A. began    

B. completed       C. ended       D. came

47. A. home B. purpose C. position D. result

48. A. German

B. British C. Russian D. French

49. A. adding

B. hiding C. retelling D. joining in

50. A. known B. reported C. called D. printed

51. A. came up    

B. was come up     C. came up with     D. was come up with

52. A. American B. British C. standard D. enough

53. A. So

B. But C. As D. For

54. A. i B. who C. which D. that

55. A. slowly B. rapidly C. normally D. loudly

56. A. pleasure B. course C. opinion D. advice

57. A. difficult B. important C. various D. common

58. A. broadcasts B. forms C. newspapers D. countries

59. A. officials      

B. editors     C. listeners   D. recorders

60. A. read

B. announce C. survey D. prepare

 

Ⅳ.阅读理解(20小题;每小题2分,满分40)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项

(ABCD)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

Many teenagers feel that the most important people in their lives are their friends. They believe that their family members, especially their parents, don”t know them as well as their friends do. In large families, it is often for brothers and sisters to fight with each other and then they can only go to their friends for advice.

It is very important for teenagers to have one good friend or many friends. Even when they are not with their friends, they usually spend a lot of time talking among themselves on the phone. This communication is very important in children”s growing up, because friends can discuss something difficult to say to their family members.

However, parents often try to choose their children”s friends for them. Some parents may even stop their children from meeting their good friends. The question of “choice” is an interesting one. Have you ever thought of the following questions?

Who choose your friends?

Do you choose your friends or your friends choose you?

Have you got a good friend your parents don”t like?

 

61. Many teenagers think their_____ know them better than their parents do.

A. friends        

B. teachers

C. brothers and sisters      

D. classmates

62. When teenagers stay alone, the usual way of communication is to_____.

A. go to their friends

B. talk with their parents

C. have a discussion with their family

D. talk with their friends on the phone

63. Which of the following is different in meaning from the sentence “Some parents may even stop their children from meeting their good friends.”?

A. Some parents may even not allow their children to meet their good friends.

B. Some parents may even ask their children to stay away from their good friends.

C. Some parents may even not let their children meet their good friends.

D. Some parents may want their children to stop to meet their good friends.

64. The passage suggests

(暗示) that _______.

A. Parents cannot choose friends for their children successfully.

B. Perhaps some children”s friends are chosen by their parents.

C. Children won”t let their parents choose friends for them.

D. Parents often try to choose their children”s friends for them.

65. Which of the following do you think is right according to the passage?

A. Parents should like everything their children enjoy.

B. In all families, children can choose everything they like.

C. Parents should try their best to understand their children better.

D. Teenagers can only go to their friends for help.

 

B

Many people could not forget the beautiful dance during the CCTV Spring Festival Gala. The dance was performed by 20 disabled girls. They can”t hear or speak. But their performance is remembered by many people. The leading dancer of the dance is Tai Lihua. She is 28 years old. She is very beautiful.

Tai Lihua was born healthy. When she was two years old, she lost her hearing because of a fever. Not long after that, she became mute, too. From then on, her world was silent. But she didn”t know this at first. At five years old, when she played a game about sounds with her schoolmates she discovered that she was different from the others. She was very sad about it. Her father went to many places to look for best treatments for her illness. But nothing worked. When she was seven years old, she went to a school for deaf and mute children. In that school, she did well in her studies. Her teacher said she used her mind more than the others and was good at expressing her feeling through dance. She also began to love dance. She thought she could use dance to express what she thought about life.

When she was 15 years old, she began to learn to dance. At first, she couldn”t dance well. But she didn”t stop. She worked harder than the others. She also spent more time learning. Her efforts made her a very good dancer. She has been to many countries to perform and many foreigners like her style. She now lives a happy life with her family.

66

. The underlined word “disabled” most probably means “_________”.

A.

天资聪颖的         B. 漂亮的

C.

残疾的 D. 丧失听力的

67. From the passage we know _______.

 

A. Tai Lihua was found deaf and mute by her father when she played a game with her classmates.

B. Tai Lihua danced very well at the beginning of learning to dance

C. Tai Lihua never gave up when she was in trouble

D. Tai Lihua”s parents didn”t take good care of her

68

. Which is the right order of the events to Tai Lihua?

a) She danced during the CCTV Spring Festival Gala.

b) She was a healthy girl.

c) She began to learn to dance.

d) She lost her hearing.

e) She went to a school for deaf and mute children.

f) She couldn”t speak.

g) She found she was different from the others.

A. abdfgce  

B. badfegc   C. bdfegca   D. bdfgeca

69. People could not forget Tai Lihua because _______.

A. she was born mute and deaf and good at dancing.

B. she used her mind more than the others and could use dance to express what she thought about life.

C. she has been to many countries and now lives a happy life.

D. though mute and deaf, she is beautiful and hard-working and good at dancing.

70

. The best title of the story is ________.

A. A poor girl

B. A dancer in the silent world

C. A beautiful dancer

D. The dance during the CCTV Spring Festival Gala

 

C

Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince

is flying off bookshelves. Nearly 7 million copies were sold in the United States and another 2 million were sold in England —just on the first day! That is a record for the most books sold in a single day.

J.K. Rowling”s story about Harry Potter and his friends let millions of kids and adults around the world be excited. The books have been translated into 62 languages, and more than 250 million copies have been sold.

Rachel Grandi, a 20-year-old student living in New York City, bought one of the first books sold in the United States. She had lined up at Barnes & Noble at 7:45 am on Friday morning and got her copy one minute after midnight on Saturday. “She is such an amazing author,” Rachel said of J.K. Rowling.

The kids tried to guess the story of the new book. “Someone”s going to die,” guessed Jimmy, an 11-year-old from Texas waiting at Waterstone”s bookstore. “And Harry”s going to fall in love!” Charlotte, 8, agreed with him. “I think one of the characters (人物) will die, I feel a little sad but I think the story is going to be more interesting,” All of the Harry Potter fans expected the book to end with the death of a main character. Rowling didn”t give away any secrets. “It would be great to sit here and talk about book seven,” she said in an interview, “I spent three months just sitting there and going over the plan. I wanted to make it really good, I think you would rather read it, wouldn”t you?”

71. J.K. Rowling is ________.

A. a student  

B. a shop assistant

C. a character in the book  

D. a writer

72. Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince is the _______ book in the Potter series.

A. fourth     B. fifth     C. sixth     D. seventh

73. Barnes & Noble is ________.

A. a cinema where you can see the movies about Harry Potter

B. a bookstore where you can get the books in the Potter series

C. a game that every student likes to play

D. a person who can tell the stories about Harry Potter

74. Which one is NOT right about Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince?

A. It is sold only in the bookshops in the USA

B. A lot of children and adults love this book.

C. Many people want to read it because there is a secret in the book.

D. It won”t be the last book in the Potter series.

75. From the passage we know _______.

A. Harry Potter will die in this book

B. we also can go to the cinema to see the film about this story

C. rowling finished the book in three months

D. people guessed what would happen before reading the book

 

D

How to protect children web fans from unsuitable materials on-line while encouraging them to use the Internet has long been discussed in the US. For some time, the Internet seems like a forest, filled with danger for children. But forests have wonders as well as dangers, and with good guides, some education and a few precautions (预防措施), the wilds of the Internet can be safely navigated (航行). “Children have to be on-line. If we tell our children they can”t have chances to the Internet, we”re cutting them off from their future,” said an expert.

Most children have started to use search engines. Many of them are great for finding lots of interesting Internet sites and they can also go to places where you might not want them to go. There are such engines made just for children. A certain software (软件) contains only sites that have been selected as safe. The most popular way to limit chances would be to use what is known as a “content screener (过滤器)”. But this can”t be wholly safe, and the best thing parents can do is to talk to their kids and let them know what is OK or not OK to see or do on the Internet. Another way is that mum or dad is nearby when the child is surfing the Internet.

A few other tips:

1) Don”t put the PC in a child”s room, but keep it in a place where mum or dad can keep an eye on things. That also makes the Internet more of a family activity.

2) Ask your child not to give on-line strangers personal information, especially like address and phone number.

3) Tell your children never to talk to anyone they meet on-line over the phone, send them anything, accept anything from them or agree to meet with them unless you”d like to.

76. What is the main subject about the passage?

A. Fighting against children on-line.         B. Internet in America.

C. American children going on-line.         D. Children”s web sites.

77. What is the best way to protect children from improper material?

A. To talk to children and persuade them to tell right from wrong.

B. To be nearby when they are surfing the Internet.

C. To fix a content screener on the computer.

D. To buy some search engines for children.

78. Which of the following is right according to the passage?

A. Surfing the Internet is the best way of educating children.

B. Using a content screener is safe for stopping children having chances to the Internet.

C. Searching engines can stop children from reading materials unfit for them.

D. Children”s not having chances to the Internet may have effect on (影响) their progress.

79. According to the passage, we can infer(推断) that _________.

A. the writer doesn”t encourage children to surf the Internet

B. the Internet has a lot of harmful sites

C. the Internet is a forest full of danger

D. a child who is on-line is dangerous

80. What does the passage tell us most?

A. Education.      B. Good guides.      C. Precautions.      D. Software.

 

V.

单词拼写  根据句意和所给单词的首字母(或汉语提示)填空。(共10分,每小题1分)

1. The young man is very stubborn. He i_________ the doctor”s advice and goes on smoking.

2. Where have you been? We are all c___________ about your safety.

3. In English, giving commands is less p_______ than making a request.

4. The people on the island s__________ a heavy loss (

损失) when the typhoon passed.

5. Lily is a d____________ person. If she decides to do something, she”ll do it well.

6. The police asked Tom to s_______ down what he had seen in a report.

7. At the meeting, the college student i__________ that he be sent to the west, where he was most needed.

8. I hope that she can support my plan, but now I don”t know her __________. (

态度)

9. The leading members of the departments were _____________ at the meeting. (

出席)

10.The army announced that they had found a bomb on a busy bridge near the _______________ part of the city. (

东南)

 

VI.

完成句子  根据所给提示(用短语)完成句子(共10分,每小题1分)

1. To finish the task quickly, you”d better ______________________ (

利用) the instrument.

2. After the teacher talked to him, he worked harder ___________________. (

比以往任何时候)

3. The UN ____________________________ in international relations. (

起着重要的作用)

4. ____________________, there is no such thing as standard English. (

信不信由你)

5. I told my father on the phone that I was _________________________ my classmates. (

与……相处得好)

6. A novel ________________________ his experiences has been published by the People”s Publishing House.(

根据……编写的)

7. As long as he decided to do it, nothing could ___________________. (

使他改变主意)

8. ___________________ (

攀登) the mountain road was hard work but to go down the hills was great fun.

9. She said, “I came here to see the doctor the day before yesterday.” (

改为间接引语)

She said that she had gone there to see the doctor _____________________.

10. He said, “When I was a child, I usually played football after school.” (

改为间接引语)

He said that ___________________________, he usually played football after school.

 

VII

.写作 (满分10)

写作内容:

英语课上,我正要用手机发短信,突然被老师发现

……老师叫我马上收起手机……课后向老师道歉,保证不再使用……老师并没过多责备,只是说不能用手机是校规,希望我以后能遵守诺言。

 

选用词汇

:

手机

cell phone     道歉make an apology to sb.   校规school regulation

保证

promise   责备 scold 遵守诺言keep one”s word

 

写作要求:

请根据以上提示用

5个句子来表述以上所有内容,注意要点之间的连贯和文章的完整性。

 

One day, ________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

 

 

 

【试题答案】

练习(一)

1. A. which

用作关系代词,在定语从句中作主语。

2. C.

“和谁讲话”要说speak to sb. 本题全句应为Do you know the man whom I spoke to. whom是关系代词,作介词to的宾语,可以省略。

3. D. where

是关系副词,表示地点,在定语从句中作地点状语。

4. C. when

是关系副词,表示时间,在定语从句中作时间状语。

5. A. which

是关系代词,在从句中作forget的宾语。其他几个答案都不能作宾语。

6. C.

解析同第5题。

7. A.

解析见第3题。

8. A.

本句话的先行词应该是films,因此,关系代词that是复数概念,其谓语动词应用复数的被动语态have been shown。如果句中的one前面使用了定冠词the,则the one应该视为先行词。

9. A.

“谈到某事物”应说talk about sth. about是介词,其后要用which作宾语,不能用that

10. A. with which

是“介词+关系代词”结构,常用来引导定语从句. with有“用”的意思,介词之后只能用which,不能用that. with which在定语从句中作状语,即he is writing with a pen.

11. C. in front of which

in front of a farmhouse. in front of which在从句中作状语.

12. D. with whom

引导定语从句. with whom放在从句中即为:my father works with the engineer.

13. D. whose

引导定语从句,在从句中作主语family的定语.

14. A. that

引导定语从句,因为先行词是all,所以只能选用that引导.

15. D. the same…as

是固定用法, as引导定语从句时,可以作主语,宾语或表语. 在本句话中,as作从句的主语.

16. D. such…as

是固定用法,as引导定语从句时,可以作主语,宾语或表语. 在本题中,as作表语.

17. B. as

作关系代词可以单独用来引导非限制性定语从句。这时as所指代的不是主句中某个名词,而往往指代整个主句的含义。as在从句中可以作主语、宾语。从句可放在主句后,也可置于主句前。在本句中,as作宾语.

18. B. Li Ming enjoyed it very much

是主句,with whom I went to the concert是定语从句. with whom放在从句中为:I went to the concert with Li Ming.

19. C. as

引导定语从句时通常构成such…asthe same…as固定搭配,其中suchsame修饰其后的名词,as为关系代词,指代其前的名词引导定语从句。 as在从句中可以作主语、表语或宾语。such修饰单数名词时,要用such a…,本题中为such novelssuch直接修饰复数名词.

20. B. things

persons是先行词. 当定语从句要修饰的先行词是既表示人,又表示物的名词时,其关系代词要用that.

21. D. who

引导非限制性定语从句,who作从句的主语.

22. C. two thirds of whom

:two thirds of the 2,000 workers.

23. D.

先行词person后有两个定语从句,第一个从句省略了关系代词whom. 因为, whom作从句中met的宾语,可以省略. 第二个从句who could do it. who在从句中作主语,不可省略.

24. A. whose title

引导非限制性定语从句,whose title也可以说成the title of which

25. A. for which

引导定语从句,使用介词for,是来自于从句中的固定短语 be famous for “以……而闻名”.

26. C.

当先行词被such修饰时,引导定语从句的关系代词要用as. as在本从句中作主语.

27. A.

两个先行词the day都是表示时间的名词,但第一个空白处要填的关系词在从句中作状语,因此要用关系副词when. 第二个空白处要填的关系词在从句中作动词spent的宾语,因此要用关系代词whichthat来引导定语从句.

28. D.

waydistancedirection等词后的定语从句中,常用that来代替“in (或其他介词)+which”whenwhere,而that常可省略。

29. D. for which

在定语从句中作原因状语,可用why 来替代.

30. B. which I have looked after

构成一个非限制性定语从句.

31. A. The reason why… was that….

已成为一种固定句型,这一句中的whythat不能随意换位,也不能将that改成because,尽管that这个词在译文中可能有因为的含义。

32. B.

非限制性定语从句常用which引导,which表示前句话的整个含义.

33. A.

解释见28.

34. D.

主句中的two表明不能选A. 从句中的are表明不能选B. both of which用来引导非限制性定语从句.

35. C. as

引导定语从句时通常构成such…asthe same…as固定搭配,其中suchsame修饰其后的名词,as为关系代词,指代其前的名词引导定语从句。as在从句中可以作主语、表语或宾语。本题中as作从句的主语.

36. B.

非限制性定语从句常用which引导,which表示前句话的整个含义.

37. D.

38. D.

解析见35.

39. A. he makes

是定语从句, 从句前省略了关系代词that.

40. B. which is a bad habit

非限制性定语从句.

41. A. what happened

是宾语从句. all 之后that he knew是定语从句. 先行词是all,所以关系代词只能用that.

42. D. years

是表示时间的名词,用when引导定语从句,是因为when在从句中作时间状语. 第二个空选用which,引导一个非限制性定语从句.

43. C.

本句话的定语从句是who own cars. 其先行词是people,因此,定语从句的谓语动词要用复数的own。本句话主句的主语是The number of指“……的数目”,是单数概念。因此,主句的谓语动词要用is

44. D. that followed

是定语从句,关系代词that在从句中作主语。

45. A.

先行词gasonly修饰,关系代词要用that,而不用which

46. B. through which

引导定语从句,through whichthrough the hole,在定语从句中作状语。What引导的是see的宾语从句,并作从句的主语。

47. B.

为便于理解,改写本句话:This is the school that some German friends visited last week. 不难看出,作表语的the school是先行词。that引导了定语从句,因为that同时又作visited的宾语,所以被省略了。其它选项结构不对。

48. A.

解释见35题。

49. C.

因为是two ballpens 并且定语从句的谓语writes是单数概念。因此,C是正确选项。

50. B.

本句话中,主句的主语是all,为抽象概念。因此,其谓语应用单数的has been。关系代词that引导定语从句,并在从句中作主语。

 

 

练习(二)

II

IV.

21—30 DACDC  ABCBA     31—40 BDBDA  CBABA

41—50 CBDAC  CBCAC     51—60 ADACA  CBABD

61—65 ADDBC   66—70 CCDDB   71—75 DCBAD    76—80 CADBC

V.

单词拼写  (共10分,每小题1分)

1. ignores  

2. concerned     3. polite

4. suffered  

5. determined   6. set

7. insisted

8. attitude   9. present

10. southeastern

VI.

完成句子  (共10分,每小题1分)

1. make use of    

2. than ever before       3. plays an important role/part

4. Believe it or not 5. getting along/on well with     6. based on

7. change his mind       8. To climb   9. two days before/earlier  

10. when he was a child

VII

.写作 (满分10)

One Possible Version:

One day, I was about to send a short message with my cell phone/mobile phone in an English class when I suddenly found my teacher standing before me. She looked at me seriously and told me to put it away immediately. After class I went to make an apology to her and promised never to use it again in class. She didn”t scold me much but told me that it was a school regulation for students not to use cell phones on the campus. Finally, she hoped that I could keep my word /promise.

 

 

                                                           

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