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高一英语掌握Unit 7词汇及词性变化

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高一

   

语文

   

人教版

内容标题

掌握

Unit 7词汇及词性变化

编稿老师

王迎昆


本讲教育信息

. 教学内容

掌握

Unit 7词汇及词性变化

. 教学目标

掌握

Unit 7词汇及词性变化

. 教学重难点

掌握课文中的重点句型的结构、用法

Review of Unit1&2

wise     adj.

明智的

wisdom   n.  

明智

argue     v.  

争论

argue with sb. about/over sth.

argue sb. into/out doing

solution   n.  

解决

the solution to

match    n.  

火柴,比赛 v. 相称

survive   v.

幸免,幸存

survivor   n.  

幸存者

survival    n.  

幸存

deserted    adj.

荒废的,被遗弃的

desert     n.

沙漠   v. 抛弃,遗弃

in order to

so as to

两者都是指“为了”,只不过

so as to不能用于句首

care about

care for

care about

译为“在乎,关心”,care for则译为“喜欢,照顾”

如:

He doesn”t care much about his money.

Would you care for tea or coffee?

Would you care for my dog when I am away?

such as

for example

such as

是介词词组,后面要加名词,而for example相当于副词词组

如:

He can speak several foreign languages, such as English, German and French.

He can speak several foreign languages, for example, English, German and French.

broad   adj.  

宽阔的

repeat    vt.

重复

repeat doing

majority   n.

大多数

a / the majority of

major    adj.

主要的

minority   n.

少数的

a / the minority of

minor    adj.

次要的

equal    adj.

等同的,胜任的

situation

conditioncase

in this situation

in this case

in case that / of

on condition that

in good / bad condition

under good / bad condition

except

except forbesides

except

是“除了”,是介词

如:

All the students except him went there.

except for

也是“除了”,但它更强调对前一句的补充说明

如:

Your homework is very good except for some minor mistakes.

besides

是“除了…还有…”

如:

All the other students went there besides him.

exchange   v.

交换,交流

exchange sth. with sb.

exchange sth. for sth.

come about

come across

compare    v.  

比较,比喻

compare sth. with sth.

compare sth. to sth.

compared to / with

replace   vt.

替换,取代

replace sth. with sth.


(二)课文重难点

I don”t enjoy singing, nor do I like computers.

nor

neither的用法,表示“也不”用倒装

…when suddenly the plane crashes.

crash

表示“冲撞”,

crash to the ground

crash into sth.

crash

的名词表示“车祸,空难”等

air crashcar crash

…hunt for food, and make fire.

hunt for

表示“猎取,寻找”与look forsearch for近似,但hunt for更强调目的性,也就是很努力地寻找,这在合成词job-hunting里面体现的很明显。

…the most difficult challenge is how to survive without friends.

表语从句

English is a language spoken all around the world.

过去分词做定语表被动。

… English has developed into the language most widely spoken and used in the world.

develop into

发展成为…

… without being able to speak Chinese

without doing

做…同时未做…

…or use English to communicate with people all around the world through the Internet.

communicate with

与…交流,沟通

through

在这里是“凭借,借助”的意思,与by相似,但此处并非借助简单的手段,而是途径,故用through

With so many people communicating in English every day, it will become more and more important to have a good knowledge of English.

with sb. doing

介词宾补结构,表示在某人做某事的同时

have a good knowledge of

对…有足够的了解,掌握好…

most of the time people from the two countries do not have any difficulty in understanding each other.

have difficulty in doing

做某事有困难


【典型例题】

[1] He is good at making jokes.  He always has others ______ at his jokes.

A. laughed     B. laughing     C. to laugh     D. to be laughed

答案为Bhave sb. doing让某人做…)

[2] If you don”t go there, ______ I.

A. so do    B. so will    C. neither shall    D. nor do

答案为C,主将从现,且表示“也不”)

[3] Did you see the book ______ on the desk when you came in?

A. lay     B. lie     C. lying     D. laid

答案为C,看见…在做某事,主动进行)

[4] The puma hid in the bush ______ be found.

A. in order to          B. so as to

C. in order not to       D. so not as to

答案为C,“为了不…”不定式否定式)    

[5] Though the city survived the flood, it was ______ in the end.

A. desert      B. deserting      C. dessert     D. deserted

答案为D,形容词,被抛弃的,废弃的,荒废的)

[6] Nobody cares ______ his death.

A. for      B. about     C. at      D. to

答案为Bcare about关心,在乎)

[7] Beautiful ladies are often ______ flowers.

A. compared          B. compared with

C. compared to        D. comparing

答案为C,比喻)

[8] Take an umbrella ______ it would rain.

A. in the situation       B. in the condition

C. in case             D. in this case

答案为C,以防…,以免…

[9] Tom exchanged his car ______ new motorbike ______ Jim.

A. with, for        B. for, with

C. with, with       D. for, for

答案为Bexchange sth. for sth. with sb.

[10] The street is all empty ______ several cars.

A. except           B. except for

C. except that       D. except when

答案为B,“除了”,对前一句的补充说明)

[11] Is this the house ______ a very high price?

A. that have     B. what has     C. which has      D. /

答案为C,先行词在定语从句中做主语)

[12] Is this house ______ a very high price?

A. that has         B. what has

C. which has       D. the one that has

答案为D,先行词在定语从句中做主语,此句无先行词,故加the one

[13] I”m one of the boys ______ never late for school.

A. who is      B. who are      C. who      D. are

答案为B,先行词在定语从句中做主语,此句先行词是the boys

[14] I”m the only one of the boys ______ never late for school.

A. who is      B. who are       C. who      D. are

答案为A,先行词在定语从句中做主语,此句的先行词是the only one


模拟试题

1. _______ catch the early train, John, got up earlier than usual.


What”s the result? I suppose that he didn”t miss it.

A. So that            B. So as to

C. In order that        D. In order to

2. — I heard the peasants here _____very poor in the past.

 �

Yes, but there ______ great changes in the past few years.

A. were ; were                B. have been ; have ben

C. have been ; were            D. were ; have been

3. Some of the wheat is from Canada. What about ______?

A. another  B. the other   C. others   D. the rest

4. I”ll take share of my money ; the _____ yours.

A. others are   B. other is    C. rest are    D. rest is

5. I”m going to make an early start______ I won”t be stuck in the traffic.

A. in case     B. because     C. so that     D. until   D. until

6. Did you enjoy last night”s concert?

Yes, though the last piece _______ rather poorly.

A. played     B. was played      C. was playing      D. playing

7. More food ______ to the poor by the government next week.

A. will be supplied       B. will supply

C. will give             D. were given

8. The sun is shining brightly and the day is _____ hot.

A. burn     B. to be burned    C. burning      D. burnt

9.

   — Harry treats his secretary badly.

 �

Yes. He seems to think that she is the ______important person in the office.

A. hardly     B. least     C. less     D. most

1

0.   Let”s listen to my type, shall we?

  �

______.

A. Any time will do                   B. It”s right

C. That sounds like a good idea          D. That”s all right s all right

1

1.   In my apartment there are two rooms, _____ is used as a living room.

A. larger one                 B. the larger of which

C. the largest one             D. the largest of which

12. It was in the small house _____ was built with stones by his father _____ he spent his

childhood.

A. which ; that  

B. that ; where

C. which ; which  

D. that ; which

13.

   With the electricity _______, all the machines stopped.

A. cut off       B. cut down       C. was cut off      D. was cut down

14.

   His mother told him not to _______, ______would be bad for his health.

A. stay up ; which  

B. stay up ; that

C. keep up ; what  

D. keep up ; which

15.

   What is happening? I feel the house ______.

A. shake  B. to shake   C. shaking   D. shaken

16.

   The bird______ its wings rapidly as it flew on.

A. beat      B. hit     C. struck   D. used

17.

   He”ll be back ______. You needn”t go out to look for him.

A. for a while      B. after a while

C. in a while       D. once in a while

18.

   _______ the terrible night, a large number of houses _____destroyed as a result of the

storm.

A. At ; were      B. On ; was       C. On ; were     D. At ; was

19.

   _______?

He is a nice person.

A.

   What does your new teacher look like

B.

   What is your new teacher like

C.

    How is your new teacher

D.

   What is your new teacher look like

20.

   John is the very boy ______ the foolish thing.

A.

   whom I think did                B.   whom I think that did

C.

    who I think that he did          D.   who I think did


【试题答案】

.

1

10 DDDDCBACBC

11

20 BAAACACCBD                                                            

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